HEALTH PROBLEMS IN HIGH ALTITUDE -Dr. Tashi Thinles Moon Land Ladakh is located at the altitudes ranging from 9,000 to15,000 feet above sea level. Traveling to this altitude in a short time can lead to acute health problems. Acute mountain sickness is commonly manifested as headache and vomiting. Other symptoms include breathlessness, sleeplessness and cough. Sudden induction to such high altitu
Microsoft word - pre_and_post_op_handouts
All Surgery Pre-Ops:
Preoperatively patients should avoid eating or drinking from midnight the night before surgery until the time of surgery. Routine daily
medications may be taken with a sip of water only for hypertension and diabetes. Any food or drinks of more than a sip and surgery
will be cancelled. Patients should avoid taking Coumadin, Plavix, Aspirin or anti-inflammatories such as Motrin, Naprosyn, Relafen,
Voltaren, Aleve, Daypro and Mobic for 7-10 days prior to surgery. These medications will be helpful after surgery, but should not be
used for 6 weeks with a Cervical Fusion and 12 weeks with a Lumbar Fusion. They can be used immediately after other surgeries.
Tylenol, Celebrex and Vicodin are all ok. Please remember to bring MRI films with you to surgery.
Laminectomy and Microdiskectomy:
Risks and benefits of lumbar laminectomies, hemi-laminectomies and microdiskectomies include numbness, weakness, paralysis,
paresthesias, bowel and bladder problems such as incontinence, hemorrhage requiring transfusion, or local hematoma requiring
reoperation. There is also a chance of infection or cerebral spinal fluid leak. All of these complications are unlikely to happen and do
so at a rate of less than 1%. The chance of being better after surgery is over 90%. The chance of being worse is less than 1%. The
chance of being about the same is up to 5%. As we do not remove the entire disk, there is a chance of re-herniation that may occur
soon after surgery or 10 years later. The chance of this occurring is 5% over 10 years. Most patients feel relief of leg pain
immediately after surgery; however, in 10% of cases the pain may be worse for 2-3 weeks after surgery due to swelling and
Risk and benefits are the same as above, as well as failure to fuse and hardware breakage. Patients having a lumbar fusion should
wear the brace when up and walking more than ten yards. They do not need to wear the brace when driving in a car or sitting around.
The brace is not needed to walk to the bathroom. Activity is encouraged and long walks with the brace are recommended.
Stairmaster, treadmill, elliptical machine, bicycling and swimming are all good options. The brace should be worn when up and
exercising with the exception of swimming. The chance of being better after surgery is over 90%. The chance of being worse is less
than 1%. The chance of being about the same is up to 5%. Various studies suggest that the risk of adjacent level arthritis after a
fusion is 10% greater than the average population over 10-20 years. Most people, however, do very well.
For cervical diskectomies and fusions the chance of numbness, weakness or paralysis is far less than 1%. The chance of hoarseness of
voice is less than 5% and the chance of some difficulty swallowing in the short term is 20% and in the long term less than 1%. Most
patients notice significant improvement in radicular arm pain immediately after surgery as well as resolution of weakness fairly
quickly. Numbness and paresthesias tend to resolve more slowly over several months. The most common complaint patients have for
the first several weeks after surgery is stiffness in the back of the neck, between the shoulder blades, and along the trapezius muscle.
This tends to improve with anti-inflammatories and muscle relaxants and usually resolves over a few weeks. The chance of being
better after surgery is over 90%. The chance of being worse is less than 1%. The chance of being about the same is up to 5%.
Various studies suggest that the risk of adjacent level arthritis after a fusion is 10% greater than the average population over 10-20
years. Most people, however, do very well. Patients also may notice the sensation that something is in their throat when they swallow
due to the mobilization of the esophagus during surgery and the position of the anterior cervical plate. This tends to improve over
several weeks. Regular diet is usually fine.
All Surgery Post Ops:
Postoperatively, patients may drive and walk up and down stairs immediately. The more active you are, the better it is for your
recovery. The main limitation is no running, jumping or lifting more than 45-pounds for six weeks after most surgeries and for 3
months after lumbar fusions. Excessive bending and twisting as used in golf and tennis should be avoided during this time as well.
Swimming is allowed after 5 days. The wound is closed in such a manner that it can be wet within 48-hours of the surgical procedure.
Postoperative radicular pain tends to improve very quickly as does weakness. Numbness and paresthesias tend to linger for several
Comunicación y Medios 12 de Abril de 2013 Ocho columnas Calan a Gobierno: cierran autopista Enfrentan a EPN e IP las cuotas al IMSS Engañosa baja de homicidios en México: ONU Mondragón: “no vamos a tolerar más bloqueos” Chocan IP y Congreso por las cuotas al IMSS Avanza regulación a deuda de gobiernos No intimidan a la