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Microsoft word - medicalterminologywordrootscombiningform

MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY
WORD ROOTS/COMBINING FORM
COMBINING FORM
(ROOT +VOWEL)

abdomin/o abdomen
ablat/o

to remove, take away
abrad/o, abras/o
to scrape off
acanth/o thorny,
acar/o mites
acid/o acid,

acous/o, acoust/o
acr/o extremities
acromi/o acromion
actin/o ray,

radiation
acu/o, acut/o
sharp, severe
aden/o glands
adenoid/o adenoids
adip/o fat
adren/o adrenal

aer/o air,
agglutin/o clumping
agit/o rapidity,

restlessness
alb/o, albino/o
albumin/o albumin
alges/i, alges/o

pain sensitivity
alveol/o alveolus
ambly/o dim,

ambul/o to
ammon/o ammonium
amni/o amnion
amyl/o starch
an/o anus
andr/o man,

aneurysm/o aneurysm
angi/o vessel
anis/o unequal
ankyl/o

stiff, not movable, crooked, bent
anomal/o irregular,
abnormal
toward the front, in front of
anthrac/o
coal, carbon, carbuncle
anthrop/o
man, human being
antr/o cavity,
aort/o aorta
aphth/o ulcer
apic/o apex
append/o, appendic/o

appendix
aque/o water
arch/e, arch/i

ascenic/o arcenic
arteri/o artery
arteriol/o arteriole
arthr/o, articul/o

aspir/o, aspirat/o
aspirate, remove, inhale
asthen/o weakness
astr/o star-shaped
atel/o incomplete,

imperfect
fatty substance, plaque
atri/o atrium
audi/o, audit/o

aur/o, auricul/o
auscult/o, ascultat/o
listen, auscultate
aux/o growth,
acceleration
axi/o axis
axill/o armpit
azot/o nitrogen,

bacteri/o bacteria
balan/o glans

balne/o bath
bar/o weight,

pressure
bas/o, basi/o
base, foundation
bil/i bile
bi/o life,

blast/o embryonic,
immature
blenn/o mucus
blephar/o eyelid
brachi/o arm
brom/o bromide,

bronch/o
bronchus, upper airway
bronchiol/o bronchiole,
bucc/o cheek
burs/o bursa
cac/o

bad, ill, diseased, abnormal
calcane/o heel
calci/o calcium
cali/o calyx
calor/i heat
campt/o bent

capn/o carbon
caps/o, capsul/o
capsule, container
carb/o carbon
carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
cari/o rotten,

carp/o wrist
cathar/o, cathart/o

cleansing, purging
caud/o tail
caus/o, cauter/o

burn, burning
cav/o, cavit/o
hollow, cavity
cec/o cecum
celi/o

abdomen, abdominal region
centr/o center
cephal/o head
cerebell/o cerebellum
cerebr/o cerebrum,

cervic/o
cervix, neck of the uterus
cheil/o, chil/o
cheir/o, chir/o
chem/o chemical,
chemistry
chlor/o green
chol/e gall,

cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o

common bile duct
chondr/o cartilage
chori/o chorion
chrom/o, chromat/o

chron/o time,
chrys/o gold
chyl/o chyle
cirrh/o orange-yellow
cleid/o clavicle
clin/o

to slope, bend
coagul/o coagulation,
clotting
coccyg/o coccyx
cochle/o cochlea
col/o, colon/o

colp/o vagina
condyl/o

condyle, rounded knuckle/projection on a bone
coni/o dust
conjuctiv/o conjuctiva
consci/o awareness,

constrict/o narrowing,
contus/o to
cor/o pupil
corne/o cornea
coron/o heart
corpor/o body
cortic/o cortex
cost/o rib
cox/o hip
crani/o skull,

cric/o ring
crin/o secrete,

separate
critic/o crisis,
dangerous
cry/o cold,
freezing
crypt/o hidden,
concealed
crystall/o crystal,
transparent
cubit/o elbow,
culd/o cul-de-sac
cune/o wedge,

wedge-shaped
cupr/o copper
cutane/o skin
cyan/o blue
cycl/o

ciliary body, circular
cyst/o bladder,
cyt/o cell
dacry/o tear
dactyl/o

digit (finger or toe)
dent/i tooth,
derm/o, dermat/o
desicc/o to
desm/o ligament
deuter/o second,

secondary
dextr/o right
didym/o

a twin, testis
dilat/o to
enlarge,
dipl/o double,
dips/o thirst
dist/o

distant, away from, farthest from the origin
doch/o duct
dolich/o long
dolor/o pain
dors/o

back, near upper surface
drom/o running
duct/o to

duoden/o duodenum
dynam/o power,

strength
dyn/o pain
echin/o spiny,
ele/o oil
electr/o electrical,

electricity
embol/o embolus
embry/o embryo,

immature
emmetr/o the
measure, proportioned
enanti/o opposite,
encephal/o brain
enter/o intestines
eosin/o

red, rosy, dawn
epididym/o epididymis
epiglott/o epiglottis
episi/o vulva
erethism/o irritation
erg/o work
erythem/o flushed,

erythr/o red
eschar/o scab
esophag/o esophagus
esthesi/o sensation,

eti/o cause
excit/o to

faci/o face
fasci/o fascia
febr/i fever
femor/o femur
ferr/i, ferr/o

fet/o fetus
fibr/o fiber,

fibul/o fibula
fil/i, fil/o, filament/o

thread, threadlike
flav/o yellow
flect/o, flex/o

flu/o, flux/o
fluor/o fluorine
follicul/o small

follicle
frig/o, frigid/o
funct/o performance
fung/i fungus,

mushroom
fusc/o dark
galact/o milk
gamet/o gamete
gangli/o, ganglion/o

ganglion
gastr/o stomach
ge/o earth,

to freeze, congeal
gemell/o twins
gen/o

producing, generating, coming to be, forming
geni/o chin
genit/o reproduction
ger/o, geront/o

aged, old age
gest/o, gestat/o
gigant/o huge
gingiv/o gums
glauc/o

gray, bluish green
gli/o glue,
neuroglia
glomerul/o glomerulus
gloss/o

tongue, language, speech
gluc/o, glyc/o
glucose, sugar
gnath/o jaw
gnos/o knowledge
gon/o genitals,

gonad/o gonads
goni/o angle
granul/o granules
graph/o

writing, to obtain a gram
gravid/o pregnancy
gust/o, gustat/o

gynec/o woman,
gyr/o circle,
haem/a blood
haph/e touch
hapl/o simple,

hect/o hundred
helc/o ulcer
heli/o sun
helminth/o worm
hem/o, hemat/o

hepat/o liver
hidr/o sweat
hirsut/o hairy
hirud/i, hirudin/i

hist/o tissue
hormon/o hormone
humer/o humerus
hyal/o

glassy, resembling glass
hydr/o water,
hydrogen
hygr/o moisture
hymen/o hymen
hypn/o sleep

hypothalam/o hypothalamus
hyster/o uterus
iatr/o treatment,

physician
ichthy/o fish
icter/o jaundice
ide/o

idea, mental images
idi/o individual,
distinct,
ile/o ileum
ili/o ilium
immun/o protection,

inguin/o groin
iod/o iodine
ion/o ion
ir/o, irid/o

is/o equal
isch/o supress,

restrain
ischi/o ischium
ixod/i ticks
jaund/o yellow
jejun/o jejunum
kal/i potassium
kary/o nucleus
kel/o

tumor, fibrous growth
ken/o empty
kerat/o

horny tissue, cornea
keraun/o lightning
keton/o ketones
kinesi/o movement
klept/o theft,

stealing
hollow, concave, depressed
kraur/o dry
kym/o waves
kyph/o humpback
labi/o lip
lacrim/o

tear, lacrimal duct
lact/i, lact/o
lal/o speech,
lamin/o lamina
lampr/o clear
lapar/o

abdomen, abdominal wall
laryng/o larynx
later/o side
laxat/o

to slacken, relax, loosen
lecith/o yolk,
lei/o smooth
lepid/o flakes,
lepr/o leprosy
lept/o

slender, thin, delicate
letharg/o drowsiness
leuk/o white
lev/o left
lien/o spleen
ligament/o ligament
ligat/o binding,

lim/o hunger
lingu/o tongue
lip/o fat
lith/o stone,

calculus
lob/o lobe
logad/o

whites of the eyes
word, speech, thought
loph/o ridge
lord/o curvature,

lox/o oblique,
slanting
luc/i light
lucid/o clear
lumb/o

lower back, loin
lumin/o light
lute/o yellow
luxat/o dislocate
ly/o to

dissolve,
lymph/o lymph
lymphaden/o lymph

mamm/o, mast/o
maxill/o maxilla
medi/o middle
mediastin/o mediastinum
medic/o

to heal, healing
medull/o medulla,
mel/o limb,
melan/o black
men/o menses,

menstruation
mening/o meninges,
membranes
ment/o mind
mer/o part
metall/o metal
method/o procedure,

technique
metr/o uterus
mi/o less,

hatred of, aversion
morph/o shape,
mort/o death
muc/o mucus
muscul/o muscle
mutilat/o

to maim, disfigure
my/o, myo/s
myc/o fungus
myel/o

bone marrow, spinal cord
myring/o eardrum
myx/o mucus
narc/o numbness,

nas/o nose
nat/o birth
natr/o sodium
necr/o death
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
neutr/o neutral
nev/o mole,

birthmark
noct/i night
nod/o knot
nom/o custom,

norm/o normal,
nos/o disease
not/o the

nucle/o nucleus
nutri/o, nutrit/o

to nourish
nyct/o night
obstetr/o midwife
ocul/o eye
odont/o tooth
ole/o oil
olfact/o smell
olig/o

scanty, few, little
omphal/o navel
onc/o tumor,

onych/o nail
o/o egg,

oophor/o ovary
op/o face,

ophry/o eyebrow
opthalam/o eye
opisth/o backward,

opt/o, optic/o
eye, vision
or/o mouth
orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o
organ/o organ
ornith/o bird
orth/o

straight, normal, correct
osche/o scrotum
oscill/o to

sense of smell, odor, impulse
osphresi/o
sense of smell, odor
oste/o bone
ot/o ear
ov/i, ov/o

egg, ovum
ovari/o ovary
ox/a, ox/o

palat/o palate
pale/o old
palliat/o

to soothe, relieve
palp/o, palpat/o
to touch gently
palpebr/o eyelid
palpit/o, palpitat/o

flutter, throbbing
panreat/o pancreas
pant/o all,

papill/o nipple-like,
papul/o papule,
parasit/o parasite
parathyroid/o parathyroid

pariet/o
the wall of any cavity, parietal bone, somatic
patell/o patella
path/o disease
pector/o chest
ped/i, ped/o

pedicul/o louse
pel/o mud
pelv/i, pelv/o, pelvi/o

peps/o digestion
percuss/o to

perine/o perineum
peritone/o peritoneum
per/o deformed,

perone/o fibula
perspir/o breathe

pest/i plague,
stone, petrous region of temporal bone
phac/o, phak/o
lens of the eye
phag/o eating,
ingestion
phalang/o, phalange/o
phalanges, fingers and toes
phall/i, phall/o
phaner/o visible,
apparent
pharmac/o drugs
pharyng/o pharynx,

phas/o speech
phe/o dusky
phen/o appearance
phim/o muzzle
phleb/o vein
phob/o fear,

aversion
phon/o voice,
bearer, processor, carries
phosphat/o phosphate
phot/o light
phren/o, phrenic/o

mind, diaphragm
race, species, type
phyll/o leaf,
leaf-like
phys/o air,
physi/o nature
physic/o physical,

picr/o bitter
pies/i, piez/o

pressure
pil/o hair
pimel/o fat,

pineal/o pineal
pituitar/o pituitary
plagi/o slanting,
plan/i, plan/o
flat, level, wandering
sole of the foot
plasm/o, plasmat/o
plasma, formative substance
ple/o more
plesi/o nearness,

similarity
pless/i stricking
pleur/a, pleur/o

plex/o network(nerves/vessels),
plic/o, plicat/o
to fold, pleat
pneum/a, pneum/o, pneumat/o, pneumon/o
lung, air
pod/o foot
poikil/o variation,

irregular
poli/o gray(matter)
pon/o

fatigue, overwork, pain
por/o opening,
passageway
posit/o arrangement,
poster/o
behind, toward the back
potenti/o power,
strength
presby/o aging,
proct/o rectum,
pros/o forward,
anterior
prosop/o face
prostat/o prostate

prot/o, prote/o
first, protein
prox/i, proxim/o
near the origin
prurit/o itching
psamm/o sand,

sand-like
pselaphes/o touch
pseud/o false
psor/o itching
psych/o mind
psychr/o cold
pter/o, pteryg/o

wing-shaped
ptyal/o saliva
pub/o pubis
pulm/o, pulmon/o

puls/o, pulsat/o
to beat, beating
pupill/o pupil
purgat/o cleansing
purpur/i purple
purul/o pus

formation
py/o pus
pyen/o, pykn/o

thick, dense
renal pelvis, pelvis of the kidney
pyg/o buttocks
pyl/e portal

pylor/o pylorus
pyr/o, pyret/o, pyrex/o

heat, fever, fire
rachi/o spine
radi/o x-ray,

radiation
radicul/o nerve
ram/i branch
rect/o rectum
reflex/o, reflect/o

to bend back
registrat/o recording
relaps/o

to slide back
ren/i, ren/o
respir/o, respirat/o
breath, breathing
resuscit/o to
reticul/o net-like
retin/o retina
retract/o drawing

rhabd/o rod
rhabdomy/o striated/skeletal

flow, current, stream
rhin/o nose
rhiz/o root
rhod/o red,

rhytid/o wrinkle
rose/o rosy
rot/o, rotat/o

turn, revolve
rrhythm/o rhythm
sacchar/o sugar
sacr/o sacrum
salping/o fallopian

sangu/i, sanguin/o
sanit/a health
sap/o soap
sapr/o rotten,

sarc/o flesh
saur/o lizard
scaph/o

a scapha, boat-shaped
scapul/o scapula
scat/o feces
scel/o,

schist/o, schiz/o
split, cleft, division
scint/i spark
scirrh/o hard
scler/o hard,

scolec/o worm
scoli/o crooked,

scot/o darkness
scrib/o, script/o

seb/i, seb/o
secund/i second
sedat/o to

semin/i semen
senil/o

old, old age
sens/o, sensat/o
feeling, perception
sensor/i sensory
septic/o putrefaction,

putrefying, immune response to a
severe infection
sept/o partition
ser/o serum,

sial/o saliva
sicc/o to

sider/o iron
sigmoid/o sigmoid
silic/o silica,
sinistr/o left
sin/o, sinus/o

cavity, sinus
sit/o food
skelet/o skeleton
soci/o social,

sodi/o compound
containing
solut/o dissolved
somat/o body
somn/i,

son/o sound
span/o scanty,

involuntary contraction, twitching
spectr/o image,
spectrum
sperm/a, sperm/o, spermat/o
spermatozoa
wedge, sphenoid bone
spher/o round,
sphygm/o pulse
spin/o

spinal cord, spine
spir/o breath,
breathing
splanchn/o viscera
splen/o spleen
spondyl/o vertebrae,

spongi/o sponge-like,
spor/i, spor/o
spore, seed
squam/o squamous,
staped/i, staped/o
staphyl/o
uvula, grape-like clusters
steat/o fat
sten/o narrowed,

constricted
stere/o solid,
three-dimensional
steril/o barren
stern/o sternum
steth/o chest
sthen/o strength
stich/o rows
stigmat/o mark,

stomat/o mouth
strat/i layer
strept/o twisted,

strict/o
to tighten, bind
stroph/o twisted
succ/o juice
suct/o to

sud/o sweat
sulc/o furrow,

suspend/o, suspens/o
to hang up, suspend
sympath/o, sympathet/o, sympathic/o
sympathetic part of the autonomic nervous system
symptom/o occurrence
synaps/o, synapt/o

point of contact, to join
syndesm/o
ligament, connective tissue
synovia, synovial membrane
syphil/o syphilis
syring/o tube,

system/o system
systol/o contraction
syzygi/o

bound together, conjunction
tact/o touch
tal/o talus
taph/o grave
tapin/o low
tars/o

tarsus, bone in foot, edge of eyelid
tax/o coordination
techn/o skill,

tect/o roof-like
tegment/o covering
tel/e, tel/o

end, distant
tele/o perfect,
complete
temp/o, tempor/o
period of time, the temples
ten/o, tenont/o
tens/o stretched,
strained
tephr/o gray(ashen)
terat/o monster
termin/o boundary,

test/o, testicul/o
tetan/o tetanus
thalam/o thalamus
thanat/o death
thec/o sheath
thel/o nipple
theor/o speculation
therapeut/o treatment
therm/o heat
thigm/o touch
thorac/o, thoracic/o

thromb/o clot,
thrombus
thym/i, thym/o
thymus gland
thyr/o, thyroid/o
thyroid gland
tibi/o tibia
toc/o childbirth,
cutting(section/layer)
ton/o tone,
tonsill/o tonsils
top/o

particular place or area
torpid/o sluggish,
inactive
tors/o twisting,
tox/i, tox/o, toxic/o
poison, toxin
trache/o trachea
trachel/o neck
traumat/o

trauma, injury, wound
trem/o, tremul/o
shaking, trembling
to sort out, sorting
trich/o hair
troph/o nourishment,

tub/o tube
tubercul/o tubercle,

tuberculosis
tumesc/o swelling
turg/o, turgid/o

to swell, swollen
tympan/i, tympan/o
eardrum, tympanic membrane
class, representative form
typhl/o cecum,
blindness
typh/o typhus,
tyr/o cheese,
ul/e, ul/o
scar, scarring
uln/o ulna
ungu/o nail
uran/o, uranisc/o

ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
uric/o uric

ur/e, ure/a, ure/o
ur/o, urin/o
uter/o uterus
uve/o uvea
uvul/o uvula
vaccin/o vaccine
vag/o vagus

vagin/o vagina
valv/o, valvul/o

vari/o, variat/o
change, vary
varic/o varicose
vas/o vessel,
deferens
vascul/o blood
ven/i, ven/o
venere/o sexual
intercourse
ventil/o
to aerate, oxygenate
belly, front of the body
ventricul/o ventricle
of the heart or brain
venul/o venule
verm/i worm
verruc/i wart
vers/o turn,

vertebr/o vertebra
vesic/o urinary

vesicul/o
seminal vesicle, a vesicle
vestibul/o vestibule
vibr/o, vibrat/o

to quiver, shake
vir/o virus
viril/o masculine,

visecr/o internal
viscid/o, viscos/o
sticky, glutinous
vitell/o yolk
vit/o, vital/o

vitr/o, vitre/o
glassy, resembling glass
viv/i life,
volut/o, vilv/o
vulv/o vulva
xanth/o yellow
xen/o

strange, foreign matter
xer/o dry
xiph/o

sword-shaped, xiphoid process
zon/i, zon/o
zone, encircling region
union, junction
zym/o enzyme,

Source: http://hsslearningcenter.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/MedicalTerminologyWordRootsCombiningForm.pdf

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