New International School Thailand Introduction The New International School Thailand ( NIST ), places a high priority on the need to prevent the spread of infectious diseases in our school and community. By using the information and protocol/s described in this document, it is hoped that the health and regular school attendance of students can be improved so that they may
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Quality of life in alopecia areata: a study of 60 casesM Dubois et al.
Quality of Life in Alopecia Areata Hegemann L, Forstinger C, Partsch B et al. (1995) Nowak A, Klimowicz A (1990) 2-Stage penetra- Roos K, Brorson JE (1990) oncentration of Microdialysis in cutaneous pharmacology— tion of a single oral dose of sulfadimethoxine phenoxymethylpenicillin in tonsillar tissue.
kinetic-analysis of transdermally delivered into skin blister fluid. Eur J Clin Pharmacol nicotine. J Investig Dermatol 104:839–43 Jynge P, Skjetne T, Gribbestad I et al. (1990) Pershing LK, Nelson JL, Corlett JL et al.
et al. (1999) Bioavailability of clobetasol propionate—quantification of drug concen- fluorine magnetic-resonance spectroscopy— trations in the stratum corneum by dermato- a study of liver and muscle disposition of fleroxacin in humans. Clin Pharmacol Ther Quality of Life in Alopecia Areata: A Study of 60 Cases Journal of Investigative Dermatology (2010) 130, 2830–2833; published online 19 August 2010 skin disorders’’-specific Qol instru- affected and symptoms the least one.
Qol for almost all the SF36 dimensions.
leisure activity, daily life, and physical adherence to the Helsinki guidelines.
pathic urticaria, and atopic dermatitispatients; (ii) being less bothered totreatment-induced Abbreviations: AA, alopecia areata; Qol, quality of life; SF36, short form 36 2830 Journal of Investigative Dermatology (2010), Volume 130 Table 1. Quality-of-life indicative comparisons between AA patients and other dermatological conditions, andFrench age- and sex-matched controls1 37.4±24.7 o0.001 23.8±21.8 o0.001 34.2±24.6 o0.001 0.145 36.2±20.4 o0.001 35.5±21.3 o0.001 49.3±25.2 o0.001 50.3±25.5 o0.001 50.1±25.5 o0.001 47.2±29.3 o0.001 36.7±28.1 o0.001 46.7±27.9 o0.001 Treatment restrictions 30.3±30.2 35.8±34.0 44.4±28.2 o0.001 61.4±23.7 o0.001 69.8±21.3 o0.001 Abbreviations: AA, alopecia areata; AD, atopic dermatitis; CU, chronic urticaria; HS, hidradenitis suppurativa; NF1, neurofibromatosis type 1; PSO,psoriasis; SF36, short form 36.
2SF36, 36 items, eight dimensions (range (0–100), 0 lowest and 100 highest level of Qol; 3VQ-Dermato, 28 items, seven domains and one overall score (range (0–100), 0 highest and 100 lowest level of Qol; 4Skindex, 29 items, three domains (range (0–100), 0 highest and 100 lowest level of Qol; Bold values Po0.05.
Table 2. Associations between VQ-Dermato dimension scores and global score, and sociodemographic/clinicalcharacteristics in 60 alopecia areata (AA) patients M Dubois et al.
Quality of Life in Alopecia Areata 1Mean ± SD, P: P-value Mann–Whitney test.
2Spearman’s correlation coefficient, P: P-value Spearman’s test.
3Course of the disease was defined as ‘‘unstable’’ if there was alternation of worsening and improvement phases in the last 2 years, and ‘‘stable’’ otherwise.
4Severity 1: visual analog scale by reference to the cases of AA seen in daily practice; 0 ‘‘patient among the least affected’’ and 100 ‘‘patient among the mostaffected’’.
5Severity 2: visual analog scale by reference to the cases of all skin disorders seen in daily practice; 0 ‘‘patient among the least affected’’ and 100 ‘‘patientamong the most affected’’.
Bold values: Po0.05.
2832 Journal of Investigative Dermatology (2010), Volume 130 Cash TF (1999) The psychosocial consequences of androgenetic alopecia: a review of the research Chren MM, Lasek RJ, Flocke SA et al. (1997) Improved discriminative and evaluative cap-ability of a refined version of Skindex, a quality-of-life instrument for patients with skin diseases. Arch Dermatol 133:1433–40 Chren MM, Lasek RJ, Quinn LM et al. (1996) clinical parameters (data not shown).
patients with skin disease: reliability, validity,and responsiveness. J Invest Dermatol 107: atically search for other health disorders Coste J (2001) Medical Outcome Study Short Form Firooz A, Firoozabadi MR, Ghazisaidi B et al.
(2005) Concepts of patients with alopecia areata about their disease. BMC Dermatol5:1 Grob JJ, Auquier P, Dreyfus I et al. (2009) How to prescribe antihistamines for chronic idio- pathic urticaria: desloratadine daily versus PRN and quality of life. Allergy 64:605–12 and also mental health and social life. It Grob JJ, Auquier P, Martin S et al. (1999) Development and validation of a quality oflife measurement for chronic skin disorders in french: VQ-Dermato.The Reseau d’ Epi- Grob JJ, Revuz J, Ortonne JP et al. (2005) Comparative study of the impact of chronicurticaria, psoriasis and atopic dermatitis on Gulec AT, Tanriverdi N, Duru C et al. (2004) The role of psychological factors in alopecia The authors state no conflict of interest.
areata and the impact of the disease on thequality of life. Int J Dermatol 43:352–6 Leplege A, Ecosse E, Pouchot J et al. (2001) MOS ACKNOWLEDGMENTSThis work was supported by institutional grants SF36 Questionnaire. Manual and Guidelines from the PHRC 2005 (Program Hospitalier Recherche for Scores’ Interpretation. Vernouillet: Estem, Leplege A, Ecosse E, Verdier A et al. (1998) tion, cultural adaptation and preliminary psychometric evaluation. J Clin Epidemiol Leplege A, Ecosse E, Zeller J et al. (2003) France). Adaptation and assessment of psycho- 1Department of Dermatology, Sainte-Marguerite Hospital, Marseille, France; 2Department of Wolkenstein P, Loundou A, Barrau K et al. (2007) Clinical Research, Assistance Publique des Quality of life impairment in hidradenitis Hoˆpitaux de Marseille, Marseille, France; suppurativa: a study of 61 cases. J Am Acad EA3279 ‘‘Self-Perceived Health Assessment’’ Research Unit and Department of Public Health, Wolkenstein P, Zeller J, Revuz J et al. (2001) Nord Hospital, Universite´ de la Me´diterrane´e, Quality-of-life impairment in neurofibroma- tosis type 1: a cross-sectional study of 128
1.1 With the enforcement of the constitution on 26 January, 1950, Hindi became the Official Language of the Union of India according to article 343 of the constitution. There is a separate Hindi Section in the Department of Mines to ensure the implementation of the constitutional provisions of Official Language and also to implement the Official Language Policy of the Government of India to promot