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Medico.deOver 4000 killed as cyclone wreaks havoc
Death toll may cross 6000; all communications, utility services snapped;
thousands missing; houses crops, trees destroyed; lakhs homeless
Emergency Response Programme of Gonoshasthaya Kendra : SIDR – 2007
1. Problem Statement
Bangladesh dated with a night mare as cyclone SIDR ripped through the southwestern coast late Thursday
November 15,2007 killing over 4000 people (reported on November 18, 2007) and demolishing houses,
crops, vegetables and trees alike along its trail of devastation over an area of thousands of square
kilometers. Packing winds over 220 Km an hour, the fierce tropical storm roared across the shoreline after
it hit landfall at the Khulna Barisal coast at 7:30 pm cutting off all communications and utility services
across the country. Most of the deaths were caused by collapsing houses, falling trees and flying debris.
The cyclone called SIDR triggered a 15 foot high tidal surge that inundated low lying areas of districts
Pirojpur, Patuakhali, Barguna and Jhalokhathi under Barisal division and district Bagerhat under Khulna
division. “The death toll is likely to mount further as we’re receiving more information from the affected
areas” an official of the food and disaster ministry told a press conference in Dhaka Friday. The
government officials were unable to provide the number of causalities in Barguna, Jhalakhati and
Bagerhat considered the worst affected areas.
Although the economic losses are too early to assess, the hurricane SIDR has cut a deep swath through agriculture and non-farm sectors, officials at the Agriculture Ministry said. Telecommunication and internet services across the country have almost foundered as the cyclone has caused disruption in international communications. Newspaper houses struggled to gather news and information from global wire services, limiting their coverage of international news. The storm and tidal surge ravaged the production areas of shrimp, the country’s second biggest foreign exchange earner. Satkhira and Bagerhat areas account for nearly 70% of the country’s total shrimp cultivation. Of an estimated 5 Million people of the coastal region, around 1.5 million people were evacuated in 13 coastal districts, officials pointed out. The head of Bangladesh meteorological department, Samerandra Karmakar, said he was optimistic the evacuation programme would spare the country the huge loss of life seen in previous decades. “It is not less severe than the 1991 cyclone; in some places it is more severe. But we are expecting less causality this time because the government took early measures. We alerted people to be evacuated early” he said. SIDR 2007 hit low areas people were also saved from the tidal surge due to low tide, protective
embankments and cyclone shelters constructed by the government, NGOs and assistance of international
communities. SIDR looked like eye and its intensity area was 250,000 sq. km which was swept over
147,570 sq.km land area of Bangladesh. Intensity of SIDR was much more severe in compare with 1970
and 1991 cyclone but death was less due to its central location was at Sundarban. SIDR speed was firstly
resisted by Sundarban forests and eventually it was weaken the wind velocity. Exception was Dublarchar
of Bagerhat district. Over 15 feet tidal surge swept thousands of people and many of them died and still
The SIDR affected areas are surplus area for production of paddy to feed Bangladesh. Its destruction
will have additional impact on price hike of paddy, unemployment in agriculture with additional
damage of houses, standing crops and vegetables etc have further increased the sufferings of over
millions of affected people. Inflation may further aggravate current situation of Bangladesh. Inflation
stands at decades highest. It is now close to double-digit due to two times floods and for SIDR.
2. Emergency Response:
Gonoshasthaya Kendra Executives met on Saturday, November 17, 2007 in emergency meeting to review the colossal damage due to SIDR and decided to send 4 members Emergency Assessment Team supported with 3 Medical teams with additional number of 15 members headed by 3 doctors equipped with medicines, gauge and bandages to treat cut injuries, bone fractures for a period of 15 days. If there is a need for more medical teams GK will arrange to send more. GK Emergency Team will assess the most difficult to reach affected areas, where the services are needed. Emergency Team will also report to GK headquarter within 2-3 days to mobilise resources to the affected areas. The decisions are as follows; 1. GK should prepare minimum 10 medical teams with 10 doctors, 20 intern medical students and senior health workers and 30 junior health workers to serve and treat minimum 50,000 patients within 15 days. 2. Each of the Medical team should have essential drugs such as Gage, bandage, Anti Septic lotion, ORS, IV saline, Alum, Potassium Permanganate, Paracetamol, Antibiotic- Tetracycline, Cotramexazol, Amoxicillin, Metronidizol, BB lotion, Iron Syrup, Chloromphenical eye drop and ointment and to take care of mother and child with a focus to skin, diahorrea, dysentery, fever, typhoid, cold, cut injury, pregnancy, eye infection etc. 3. GK should prepare food pack for a fort night ration consists of 10 Kg rice, 2 Kg lentil, 1 Kg salt, to encourage them to return home and to work on homesteads to clean debris and to start working on house repair activities. 3. GK proposed intervention
3.1. Target beneficiaries
GK will identify primary stakeholders who are irrespective of religious and political beliefs located in
SIDR affected hard to reach areas of Pirojpur and Barguna district.
3.2. Emergency Assessment Team
GK 4 members Emergency Assessment Team comprises with senior level Programme Managers have
left GK Savar on November 17, 2007 to visit Pirojpur and Barguna districts and to inform GK head
quarter within 2-3 days about its specific area and need of intervention - prior consultation with respective
district and Upazilla administration.
3.3. Medical Aid
GK 3 Medical teams with 18 members will function for 15 days. If needed another 7 team will join them
immediately with the information and request of Emergency Assessment Team.
3.4. Emergency Food Supplies
Primary information has provided by the assessment team that emergency health care need to be
supported with family food pack for a period of one – two weeks so that poor people could return their
home and to be involved to clean homestead debris and to concentrate on repair of houses. Family food
pack will create opportunity to work at home. GK propose to distribute 10 Kg rice, 2 Kg lentil, 1 Kg salt
for 10,000 families.
4. Operational Period: November 17 – December 2, 2007 and for 15 days.
5. Area of operation:
Particulars of Budget
Amount in Tk
1. Medical Team
1.1. Staff Salaries
@ Tk 700 / day for 3 doctors for 15 days = 700 X 3 X 15 = 31,500 Senior Intern Medical Students 6
@ Tk 400 / day for 6 workers for 15 days = 400 X 6 X 15 = 36,000 Junior Health workers 9
@ Tk 250 / day for 9 workers for 15 days = 250 X 9 X 15 = 33,750 1.2. Travel for 3 medical team for a period of 15 days
@ Tk 1000 per team / day for 3 teams for 15 days: = 1,000 X 3 X 15 = 45,000 1.3. Living Expenses for 15 days
@ Tk 150 / person / day for 18 persons for 15 days = 150 X 18 X 15 = 40,500 Sub total
2. Essential Drugs for 10,000 patients
Gauge, bandage, Anti Septic lotion, ORS, IV saline, Alum, Potassium Permanganate, Paracetamol, , Antibiotic- Tetracycline, Cotramexazol, Amoxicillin, Metronidizol, BB lotion, Iron Syrup, Chloromphenical eye drop and ointment 3. Supervision and Monitoring
Programme Coordinator @ Tk 2000 / day for 15 days = 30,000 Monitoring Travels Lump Sum 30,000
4. Emergency Food Supplies for 10,000 families
Family food Pack (10 Kg rice, 2 Kg lentil,1 Kg salt) @ Tk 400 / pack = 4,000,000
Transport of 130 MTons food to difficult to reach areas Tk 1500 / Ton = 195,000 (4.87%)
6. Monitoring and Reporting
GK Senior Director accompanied with Monitoring officer will monitor the progress of Emergency Assessment and Medical Team and will report to Senior Executive Director and to the respective donor. Programme Coordinator will be responsible to complete accounts and reports within 30 days of
completion of the programme.
GK 3 medical teams could reduce health problems of the 10,000 injured population of SIDR
affected areas and will assist GK Management for further assistance to serve the victims with
need based essential materials.
CURRICULUM VITAE Date Completed: June 7, 2011 NAME : Elizabeth Flora JUNIPER EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND a. Sherborne School for Girls, Dorset, England. l958-l964 l964 - Oxford and Cambridge Certificate of Education St. Thomas' Hospital School of Physiotherapy, London, England. l965-l968 l968 - Member of Chartered Society of Physiotherapists Ewell Technical College, Surrey, England. l97