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## Pharmacology pretest

Nursing Pharmacology Pretest – Part 1
Section 1: Fractions
Section 2: Decimals
Round the number to the place value indicated. Section 3: Ratio & Proportion
37. – 38. Each nurse can care for 7 patients. How many nurses will be needed for 42 patients? 39 – 40. Each Xanax tablet is equal to 0.25 mg. If the doctor ordered 0.75 mg of Xanax, how many tablets will you administer? 41. Dr. Brown donates 3% of her income to charity. If she made \$54,000 last year, how much did she 42. A patient had been taking 8 mg of Danazol per day. The doctor ordered an increase to 12 mg. 43. There was a 7% cost increase in patient care at General Hospital. If the previous cost per day was \$3,954.00, what does it now cost per day? Nursing Pharmacology Pretest – Part 2
Section 4: Units of Measure/Conversion
Convert the following to the unit indicated. 2.4 L = _______ ml 45b. 0.5 g = _________mg 2 mg = _______ g 46b. 0.8 mg = _________µg Section 5: Reading Medicine Labels

Use the following label to answer #’s 47 – 48.
l E Y c S I 400, U A r S pr pr C
PENICILLIN G
POTASSIUM
FOR INJ ECTION
47. How is this drug administered? 48. If 1.6 ml of diluent is added, how much Penicillin is in each ml? Section 6: Calculating Drug Dosages

every 6 hours.
50. Lasix tablets are labeled 20 mg. The pharmacy profile reads Lasix 60 mg PO daily. How many tablets should be administered?

51. The doctor orders 0.1 gm of a drug. The medicine label states the drug strength is
100 mg/tablet.
How many tablets will you give the patient?

52. The doctor orders Ancef 500 mg. You have on hand Ancef 200 mg/ml.
53. The doctor orders 10 mg of a drug. You have on hand 0.005 gram tablets of this medication. 54. The doctor orders acetaminophen elixir 180 mg PO. The medicine bottle is labeled 15 mg/ml. 55. The doctor orders Digoxin 0.125 mg daily PO. The Digoxin label reads 0.25 mg/tablet. How many tablets do you give the patient? 56. A patient is to have 35 mg of Vistaril. The ampoule you have reads Vistaril 100 mg/2 ml. 57. Doctors order reads: Brethaire 0.25 mg. subcutaneous twice a day. The ampoule is labeled 1 mg/ml. How many ml will you administer? What size syringe should you use? 58. A doctor orders 15,000 units of Heparin subcutaneous now. The label on the vial reads 20,000 units/ml. How many ml will you give the patient? What size syringe will you use?
59. A patient’s blood sugar finger stick is 285 this morning. He is on sliding scale
insulin. The doctor
ordered regular insulin subcutaneous: for blood sugar of 150-200 give 3U, for 201- 251-300 give 5U, for 301-350 give 6U, and over 351 call MD. The label on the Insulin reads 100 units/ml. How many units will you give the patient? What size syringe should you use? 60. The doctor orders 800,000 units of Penicillin. You have 1,000,000 units/2ml. 61. The doctor’s order reads: Bentyl 20 mg IM four times a day. You have available Bentyl injection How many ml will you administer to the patient? 62. The doctor’s order reads: Penicillin G 600,000 units IM every 12 hours. You have available a 10 ml Vial of Penicillin G reconstituted to a concentration of 500,000 units/ml. ` What size syringe will you use? 63. A doctor orders 1000 ml of D5W to infuse in 10 hours. Your drip factor is 10 gtts = 1 ml. How many drops/min will you administer? Use whole numbers. 64. A doctor orders 100 ml to infuse at a rate of 50 ml/hr. The drip factor is 10 gtts = 1 ml. What is the gtt/min flow rate? Use whole numbers. 65. A patient gets 1000 ml D5W in 8 hours. The drip factor is 20 gtts = 1 ml. 66. A patient is to have 500 ml D5W over the next 12 hours. Micro drip 60 gtts=1 ml. Using a micro-drip, what is the flow rate in gtts/min?