There are many types of diabetes medications which work in different ways to help you control your blood sugars. Learn about these medications and how they work so you are prepared to discuss your options with your diabetescare team. To lower the risk of complications, the goal for most people with diabetes is to get to an A1C test resultof less than 7 percent or an estimated average glucose (eAG) result of below 150 mg/dL. Both the A1C and eAGmeasure your average blood sugar over the past 2–3 months.
Medication type: sulfonylureas and glinides
Medication type: biguanides
Names: glipizide (Glucotrol)
Names: metformin (Glucophage)
glyburide (Micronase, DiaBeta) metformin ER (extended release)
glinides: repaglinide (Prandin),
Medication type: insulin Most patients will choose to add
insulin to achieve or maintaintheir blood sugar goals. Insulincan be injected and helps the
Medication type: thiazolidinediones
Names: pioglitazone (Actos),
Medication type: injectable hormones
Medication type: alpha-glucosidase inhibitors
Names: pramlintide (Symlin)
digestion of carbohydrates; after-mealblood sugar peaks are lower
Names: miglitol (Glyset), acarbose (Precose)
Information to remember about diabetes medicines
• Diabetes medicines help to lower high blood sugar levels. They do not take the place of healthy
• Know when and how to take the medicines. Do not skip a dose. • Wear a medical alert bracelet and/or carry your Personal Diabetes Record card for emergencies. • Bring an updated list of your medications to your doctor appointment.
To learn more about your diabetes medications, find information at our website: kp.org/medicationsor consult with a pharmacist.
• When do I need to take the medicine–before a
Everyone struggles with remembering to do things regularly.
There are a number of ways that can help you remember. Below, check off things you might try:
• How often should I take the medicine?
❑ Make a simple chart and post it in an obvious place
• Should I take the medicine at the same time
where you will see it every day, like on the mirror in
• What should I do if I forget to take my medi-
❑ Set an alarm clock or watch as a reminder.
• What kind of side effects could I have and
❑ Establish a daily routine for taking your medications,
such as at bedtime, mealtime, or the beginning of a
• How should I manage my medications when I
daily TV show, such as the evening news.
am sick and can’t keep my food or drinks
❑ Use a pillbox that has sections, representing the days
❑ Record taking your medications on a wallet card or
It’s easy to get prescription refills at Kaiser Permanente pharmacies.
• Please re-order your medications at least 7 to 10 days before you run out.
• Use EasyFill, our automated phone prescription refill system. Find the number to call in the
upper right-hand corner of your prescription label, or call the pharmacy near you.
• Refill prescriptions at our website: Visit kp.org. and click on “Refill prescriptions” under the “My Health
For other healthy living resources, please visit kp.org/healthyliving and join our “HealthMedia® Care™ forYour Health” to get ideas to manage your condition.
This information is not intended to diagnose health problems or to take the place of medical advice or care you receive from your physician or othermedical professional. If you have persistent health problems, or if you have further questions, please consult your doctor. If you have questions or needadditional information about your medication, please speak to your pharmacist. Kaiser Permanente does not endorse any brand names; any similarproducts may be used.
2003, The Permanente Medical Group, Inc. All rights reserved. Regional Health Education. 011061-212 (Revised 8-10)
Short CV. Claus Cornett… Claus Cornett, Ph.D., Lektor/associate Professor Scientific career: Master of Science/Cand. Scient, chemistry line, University of Copenhagen, August 1985. Adjunkt/Assistant professor, Danish University of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Lektor/Associate professor, Danish University of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, 1992. Tran
ABSTRACT. This essay explores the role of informal logic and its application in thecontext of current debates regarding evidence-based medicine. This aim is achievedthrough a discussion of the goals and objectives of evidence-based medicine and a reviewof the criticisms raised against evidence-based medicine. The contributions to informallogic by Stephen Toulmin and Douglas Walton are explicated a