Press Release Nissan teams up with LeasePlan to take electric Nissan LEAF to the road LeasePlan first leasing company of ering Nissan LEAF in Europe On 20 September 2010, LeasePlan and Nissan signed an agreement to cooperate in a European- wide project to launch the 100% electric Nissan LEAF in 2011. LeasePlan is the first leasing company to offer the Nissan LEAF in Eu
Tablets-au.com Online ED Pharmacy is an 1st. pharmacy providing a personal service to the community in Australia. Over 50,000 extremely satisfied customers! We're your prescription drug store cialis australia and have provided trusted service to families in Australia for over 15 years.
Nuorisokanuuna.fi“Peer learning in youth work” - 2nd InterCITY Conference, Helsinki 2013, a concept paper
The Helsinki Conference is a follow-up to the 1st InterCITY Conference “European Peer Learning on LocalYouth Policy” in Leipzig, 10 -12 October 2012 organized by the Federal Ministry of Family Affairs, SeniorCitizens, Women and Youth, JUGEND für Europa, Deutsche Verein für offentlige und private Fürsorge e.V. incollaboration with the Cities of Leipzig and Köln. The Conference gathered nearly 100 people aroundEurope representing local youth work. The aim of the 3 day meeting was to promote peer learning andnetworking of local youth work in Europe. Full documentation of the conference can be downloaded fromprint version can be ordered from The 2nd Conference willbe held in Helsinki 9-10 December 2013 and the 3rd in the Netherlands in the City of ´s-Hertogenbosch in2014.
The aims of the 2nd InterCITY Conference are (1) to develop peer learning as a Europe-wide practice in youthwork and beyond and (2) to establish a European Network of Local Government Youth Work.
Peer learning refers to a process of accumulation of knowledge and competence through a networked formof learners (or practitioners) learning from each other. Recently peer learning has appeared to the policyagenda of youth and education in the EU.th work peer learning can be used to improve work withdifferent youth concerns (participation, transition to work, social exclusion, etc) and to design better youthpolicies.
Youth concerns such as lacking opportunities for youth participation, intolerance, inequality, poverty andunemployment can be essentially faced through youth work and as a collaborative effort with other actors.
Local youth work specialized in for example youth participation should be offered an opportunity toexchange experiences and develop new forms of youth engagement. The Conference offers suchopportunities, but will also develop a systematic approach to peer learning. How to network youth workexpertise on specific topics to create peer learning processes? How to design learning events and organizethe reporting back? How to make the Europe-wide experience more transparent; to national and Europeanyouth policy design and support? Municipalities have a key role in providing welfare services and youth work for young people. In Europemunicipalities differ in terms of their size, responsibilities and service provision, from a small poor ruralmunicipality to a well-resourced large urban area. The smaller municipalities need to develop basic servicesfor youth and establish their recognition within the community and its decision makers. In big cities thoseresponsible for youth work and youth policies must be able to flexibly react to the needs of young peopleand be able to create multi-agency strategies and services. Most European local governments struggle witha variety of challenges on that continuum. Municipalities and youth work actors with similar challenges canmake a learning leap by exchanging experiences on their failures and successes. The Conference providesan opportunity to answer questions like: How can municipalities of different sizes and resources create alocal youth policy? How can youth work and youth policy contribute to youth integration into educationand employment and to incite young people to take action? How to align large sectorized departments andother actors in a bigger city to provide integrated services for youth? How to consolidate integrated youthpolicy in the strategies of the City Council? And furthermore, how to increase the visibility of local youthwork and policy in the design on national and international youth policies? The second aim of the Conference is to establish a European Network of Local Government Youth Work.
The network consists of national networks of those responsible for local government youth work. Theorganizers will carry out, before the event, a study on existing national networks on local governmentyouth work and invite their representatives to the Conference. Terms of reference of the Network will bedrafted in beforehand and they will be discussed and adopted at the Conference.
The Network has two objectives: (1) To promote peer learning and (2) to represent local government youthwork in Europe. The first objective echos the Council of EU general initiatives of the resolution on 2010-2018 framework for youth field cooperation (15131/09, p. 14): “supporting the development of youth workand recognizing its value”. Across Europe local government youth work is facing very similar youthexpectations and problems, as well as management and financial challenges. All municipalities aresearching for best policies and methods to meet the needs of young people. As the solutions to commonissues can be very different, it makes sense to compare experiences and as a peer learning activity togetherdevelop better youth work. At its best peer learning is about policy development, identifying andaddressing the critical factors for policy change together with the practical youth work development,improving the ways of working with young people along the policy guidelines.
The EU youth policies highlight better cooperation with local authorities and strengthening expertise andknowledge on youth, youth work and youth policy (opus citatus, 14-15). In EU a good part or even themajority of youth work is carried out by municipalities and cities. These public authorities have updatedknowledge on youth through the daily face-to-face contacts of youth workers and through local research,reports, statistics, evaluation and cross-sectoral programs. Local government youth work is where themethods of working with young people are constantly evaluated, reflected and developed. Localgovernment is also the focal point of linking European and National (and regional) youth policy guidelinesand priorities with the local needs and conditions: ideal y European youth policies should consist of theselocal policies and strategies. It would make sense for the European organizations and governments to usethe present-day knowledge of the said Network on youth, youth work and youth policy in Europe.
i Pedagogically peer learning relates to John Dewey’s pragmatist educational thinking and constructivism, according to whichlearning is practice-based, learner oriented, it presupposes a group or a network of learners and it leads to accumulated knowledge, competence and action. Recently peer learning has received additional interest due to the development of the Social Media. Crowdsourcing refers to outsourcing problem-solving or learning to a larger (online) public. According to its proponents crowdsourcing becomes "learning for everyone, by everyone, about almost anything." Apparently modern media offers increasing opportunities for learning from peers.
Peer learning has also emerged in the recent educational policy texts. According to the new formulations of EU’s Lifelong learning policies “Exchange of good practice and peer learning [becomes] a key part of reforming the European education and training systems” (Lifelong learning policy: Strategic Framework for Education and Training, Education and Training, European Commission).
The strategy is that “EU-wide peer learning activities are organized either by groups (“clusters”) of Member States interested in specific topics, or by expert groups established by the European Commission”.
As learning is practice and practitioner –focused, it becomes necessary to develop peer learning as a combination of different types of learning contexts. A recent study on peer learning (through peer group mentoring) in teacher education says: “Peer group mentoring relies on the integration of informal, nonformal and formal learning with constructivism as the core principle” (Heikkinen, Jokinen & Tynjälä (eds) Peer-Group mentoring for Teacher Development, 2012, p 8). The authors emphasize that “the informalization of learning is a reflection of a major pedagogical trend in our time, constructivism, which is based on the idea that learners construct their knowledge on the basis of their prior views, knowledge and experiences, so that they can better be linked to the information at hand” (Heikkinen et al, 2012, p 6). In the youth field there is a long tradition of the practice and promotion of non-formal learning. Peer learning as a form of non-formal learning has been recently accentuated also in the policy programs of the EU youth field. As an example the Renewed framework for European cooperation in the youth field 2010 – 2018 (Council Resolution 26 Nov. 2009) invites the commission to ”propose a flexible framework for peer-learning activities”. Also a proposal for a Council Recommendation On the validation of non-formal and informal learning states that non-formal learning is characteristically peer learning in some leisure, work or 3rd sector activity which must be better recognized (p.1, COM(2012) 485 final). The 2nd InterCITY Conference will develop such frameworks for practitioners of youth work to learn from each other.
EL MOZO DONOSO Universidad Nacional de La Plata (Argentina) En las últimas décadas del siglo XX han aparecido investigaciones cada vez más sutiles acerca de la sexualidad intermasculina e interfemenina. Estos nuevos enfoques se empeñaron en poner de relieve que la denominación de homosexualidad arrastraba consigo el estigma del discurso higienista del siglo anterior. Efectivamente, es