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Joseph I. Budnick
Professor Emeritus and Research Professor
Birthplace:

Education:

Experience:
Project Physicist and Group Leader, IBM Research Laboratory, Poughkeepsie, Staff Member, IBM Watson Laboratory, Columbia University Fordham University, Assoc. Prof. of Physics, 1962-66; Professor, 1967-74; Program Director, Solid State and Low Temperature Physics, National Science Professor and Head, Department of Physics, University of Connecticut 1986-2003 Professor, Department of Physics, University of Connecticut 2003- Professor Emeritus and Research Professor, Department of Physics, University of
Professional Societies:
American Physical Society (Fellow) American Association for the Advancement of Science (Fellow)
Honors or Distinctions:
2000 Elected to Membership in the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 1999 University of Connecticut AAUP Award for Excellence in Research 1994 University of Connecticut Award for Excellence in Science 1988 First Goddard Visiting Fellow in Physics at Clark University 1986 Recipient, Alexander von Humboldt Senior U.S. Scientist Award Member, Connecticut Academy of Science and Engineering Guest Professor, University of Konstanz Chairman, Committee on Opportunities in Physics of the American Physical Society, 1984 Editor, Phys. Lett. A to 1992 and Physics Reports Board of Editors, [Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, Hyperfine Interactions, 1970-92, Appl. Phys. Lett. & J. of Appl. Phys., 1984-92] Advisory Board, Thought Magazine to 1974 Visiting Professor, University of Strasbourg, 1980 Invited Participant, U.S.-Japan Seminar on Hyperfine Interactions involving Excited Nuclei, Guest Professor, Katholieke University of Leuven, 1978 NATO Visiting Professor, Italy, 1972 Visiting Lecturer, guest of R. Mössbauer, Technical University of Munich, 1971 NATO Senior Postdoctoral Fellow, 1967 Research Interests:
Solid state physics and materials science. Studies include x-ray absorption fine structure, nuclear magnetic resonance, transport properties, magnetic ordering, critical phenomena, muon spin rotation and general structural aspects of magnetic, semiconducting and superconducting systems. Research activities have included ion implantation studies of materials and interfacial problems associated with near surface regions of both metals and semiconductors. Studies of local magnetism in high Tc oxides and magnetic ruthenates. Co-developer of the X-Ray Absorption Beam Line X11 at the National Synchrotron Light Source at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Author or co-author of over 300 publications including one co-edited book. Publications: Books and Monographs J. I. Budnick and M. P. Kawatra, Eds. “Dynamical Aspects of Critical Phenomena,” Gordon and Breach, New York (1971). Journal Articles: 1. J. I. Budnick, E. A. Lynton and B. Serin, “Trapped Flux in Impure Superconductive Tin,”
Phys. Rev. 103, 286 (1956).
J. I. Budnick, “Some Studies of the Superconducting Transition in Purified Tantalum,”
Phys. Rev. 119, 1578 (1960).
L. H. Bennett and J. I. Budnick, “Magnetic Resonance Determination of the Nuclear
Moment of Tantalum-181 in KTa03 Phys. Rev. 120, 1812 (1960).
D. P. Seraphim, J. I. Budnick and W. B. Ittner, “Single Crystal Growth and Purification of
Tantalum,” Trans. Metall. Soc. Aime. 218, 527 (1960).
J. I. Budnick and L. H. Bennett, “Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Tantalum Metal,” J.
Phys. Chem. Solids 16, 37 (1960).
L. J. Bruner, J. I. Budnick and R. J. Blume, “Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of Ni61 in
Metallic Nickel,” Phys. Rev. 121, 83 (1961).
J. I. Budnick, L. J. Bruner, R. J. Blume and E. L. Boyd, “Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of
Fe57 in Unenriched Fe,” J. Appl. Phys. Suppl. 32, 120s (1961).
D. P. Seraphim, D. T. Novick and J. I. Budnick, “The Effects of Imperfections on the
Superconducting Critical Temperature of Tantalum,” Acta. Med. 9, 446 (1961).
D. J. Quinn and J. I. Budnick, “Study of Superconducting Transition Temperature in Dilute
Thallium Solid Solutions,” Phys. Rev. 123, 446 (196).
10. J. I. Budnick, “Nuclear Magnetism,” Magnetic Materials Digest, Produced for 1962 Conference on Magnetism and Magnetic Materials (1961). 11. F. L. Boyd, J. I. Budnick, L. J. Bruner and R. J. Blume, “Direct Observation of Domain Wall Resonance in Ferromagnetic Oxides,” J. Appl. Phys. 33, 2484 (1962).
12. J. I. Budnick, R. C. Laforce and G. F. Day, “Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Determination of the Internal Field at Fe57 Nuclei for Small Concentrations of Iron in Cobalt,” Magnetic and Electrical Resonance and Relaxation, J. Smidt, Ed. North Holland Publishing Company, Eindhoven (1963). 13. S. G. Cohen, A. Marinov and J. I. Budnick, “Mössbauer Effect in Ta181,” Phys. Lett. 12, 38 14. Y.-H. Kao and J. I. Budnick, “Magnetic Field Dependence of the Surface Resistance of Superconducting Tantalum,” Phys. Lett. 17, 218 (1965).
15. J. I. Budnick, J. Lechaton and S. Skalski, “Palladium Field in Ferromagnetic Pd-Fe Alloys,” Phys. Lett. 22, 405 (1966).
16. R. E. Gegenwarth, J. I. Budnick, S. Skalski and J. H. Wernick,. Anisotropic Hyperfine Interactions in ZrFe2 and GdFe2 from A Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 1244 (1966).
17. J. I. Budnick, J. Lechaton and S. Skalski, “Hyperfine Fields in Ferromagnetic Pd-Fe Alloys. Phys. Lett. 22, 405 (1966).
18. E. Jones and J. I. Budnick, “27Al Knight Shift and Hyperfine Interaction in GdAl2,” J. Appl. Phys. 37, 1250 (1966).
19. P. P. Craig, W. I. Goldburg, T. A. Kitchens and J. I. Budnick, “Transport Properties at Critical Points, the Resistivity of Nickel,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 1334 (1967).
20. J. I. Budnick and S. Skalski, “Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Some Magnetically Ordered Systems,” in Hyperfine Interactions, A. J. Freedman and R. Frankel, Eds. Academic Press, Inc., New York (1967). 21. J. I. Budnick, J. Lechaton and S. Skalski, “Palladium Hyperfine Fields in Ferromagnetic Pd-Fe Alloys,” J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1139 (1967).
22. J. A. Mydosh, M. P. Kawatra and J. I. Budnick, “Study of the Effects of Magnetic Ordering on the Electrical Resistivity of GdAl2,” Phys. Lett. 24a, 421 (1967).
23. R. E. Gegenwarth, J. I. Budnick, S. Skalski and J. H. Wernick, “Gadolinium Hyperfine Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 19 (1967). 24. J. I. Budnick, S. Skalski, T. J. Burch and J. H. Wernick, “Hyperfine Fields in Fe-Si Alloys,” J. Appl. Phys. 38, 1137 (1967). 25. J. I. Budnick, “Solid State Physics,” Science Year, the World Book Science Annual, Field Enterprises Educational Association, Chicago (1968). 26. J. A. Mydosh, J. I. Budnick, M. P. Kawatra and S. Skalski, “Magnetic Ordering in Palladium-Iron Alloys,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 1346-49 (1968).
27. S. B. Berger, J. I. Budnick, T. J. Burch, NMR of 53Cr and 77Se in Ferromagnetic Chalcogenide Spinels,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 658 (1968).
28. J. I. Budnick, S. B. Berger and T. J. Burch, “Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Determination of the 125Te Hyperfine Field in Ferromagnetic CuCr2Te4,” Phys. Lett. 26a, 450-51
29. J. I. Budnick, J. Lechaton, J. H. Werwick, S. Foner, E. J. Mcniff, Jr., D. J. Kim and B. B. Schwartz, “Magnetic Properties of Pd-Fe Alloys,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 960 (1968).
30. J. J. Murphy, J. I. Budnick and S. Skalski, “Detailed Spin-Echo Spectra of Ferromagnetic Fe-Al Alloys,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 1239 (1968). 31. S. Skalski, J. I. Budnick and J. Lechaton, “Fe Hyperfine Fields in Dilute Pd-Fe Alloys,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 965 (1968).
32. J. I. Budnick, “Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Metallic Ferromagnets,” Magnetic Resonance and Radiofrequency Spectroscopy, Proc. XV Colloque A.M.P.E.R.E., Grenoble, 1968, North Holland Publishing Company (1969). 33. J. I. Budnick, “Solid State Physics,” Science Year, the World Book Science Annual, Field Enterprises Educational Association, Chicago (1969). 34. M. P. Kawatra, S. Skalski, J. A. Mydosh and J. I. Budnick, “Critical Behavior of the Electrical Resistivity of Palladium Iron Alloys,” J. Appl. Phys. 40, 1202-03 (1969).
35. T. J. Burch, P. P. Craig, C. Hedrick, T. A. Kitchens, J. I. Budnick, J. A. Cannon, M. Lipsicas and D. Mattis, “Switching in Magnetite, a Thermally Driven Magnetic Phase
Transition,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 1444-47 (1969).
36. T. J. Burch, J. I. Budnick and S. Skalski, “Ni Hyperfine Field in Ni3Fe and Its Application to the Detection of Long-Range Order,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 846-49 (1969).
37. S. B. Berger, J. I. Budnick and T. J. Burch, “Systematics of the Hyperfine and Exchange Interactions in the Chromium Chalcogenide Spinels,” Phys. Rev. 179, 272-74 (1969).
38. M. P. Kawatra, S. Skalski, J. A. Mydosh and J. I. Budnick, “Effect of the Molecular Field on the Electrical Resistivity near a Magnetic Transition GdNi2,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 83-
39. J. I. Budnick, “Solid State Physics,” Science Year, the World Book Science Annual, Field Enterprises Educational Association, Chicago (1970). 40. M. P. Kawatra and J. I. Budnick, “Transport Properties of Ferromagnetic Systems near the Critical Point, Electrical Resistivity,” Inter. J. Magnetism 1, 61-74 (1970).
41. S. Skalski, M. P. Kawatra, J. A. Mydosh and J. I. Budnick, “Electrical Resistivity of PdFe Alloys,” Phys. Rev. B 2, 3613-19 (1970).
42. M. P. Kawatra, J. I. Budnick and J. A. Mydosh, “Resistive Behavior of Dilute PdFe Alloys about the Curie Temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 2, 1587-92 (1970).
43. M. P. Kawatra, J. A. Mydosh and J. I. Budnick, “Electrical Resistivity near the Magnetic Transition of Some Rare-Earth Laves Phase Compounds,” Phys. Rev. B 2, 665-70 (1970).
44. T. J. Burch, J. I. Budnick and S. Skalski, “Investigation of Possible Crystallographic Ordering in Ferromagnetic Ni3Co by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance,” J. Phys. Soc. of Japan
28, 1180-81 (1970).
45. J. I. Budnick, T. J. Burch, S. Skalski and K. Raj, “Spin-Echo Studies of Conduction Electron Polarization about the Impurity Atom in Fe-Rich Alloys,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24,
511-14 (1970).
46. T. J. Burch, J. J. Murphy, J. I. Budnick and S. Skalski, “Al Hyperfine Fields in Ordered Fe-Al Alloys,” J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1327-28 (1970). 47. M. P. Kawatra, J. A. Mydosh, J. I. Budnick and B. Madden, “Effect of Ferromagnetic Ordering on the Resistive Behavior of Exchange Enhanced Alloys,” PtFe. Proc. 12th International Conference on Low Temperature Physics, Kyoto, Japan, p. 773-75 (1970). 48. J. I. Budnick, “Solid State Physics,” Science Year, the World Book Science Annual, Field Enterprises Educational Association, Chicago (1971). 49. J. A. Cannon, J. I. Budnick, M. P. Kawatra, J. A. Mydosh and S. Skalski “Critical Behavior of the Magnetic Susceptibility of GdNi2,” Phys. Lett. 35a, 247-48 (1971).
50. V. Cannella, J. A. Mydosh and J. I. Budnick, “Magnetic Susceptibility of Au-Fe Alloys,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 1689-90 (1971).
51. S. B. Berger, T. J. Burch, J. I. Budnick and L. Darcy, “NMR of CuCr2-xVxS4 Spinels,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 1309-10 (1971).
52. J. I. Budnick, K. Raj, T. J. Burch and F. Holtzberg, “A Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study of the Magnetic Structure of EuSe and Its Dependence on Gadolinium Additions,” J. De
Phys. C1, 763-65 (1971).
53. J. I. Budnick, “Solid State Physics,” Science Year, the World Book Science Annual, Field Enterprises Educational Association, Chicago (1972). 54. K. Raj, T. J. Burch and J. I. Budnick, “Spin-Echo Studies of Eu0 and EuS. int.,” J. Magnetism 3, 355 (1972).
55. J. I. Budnick, “Solid State Physics,” Science Year, the World Book Science Annual, Field Enterprises Educational Association, Chicago (1973). 56. M. Sablik, S. Skalski and J. I. Budnick, “Influence of Electron-Electron Interaction in the Nuclear Spin-Lattice Relaxation Rates in the Dilute Ferromagnetic Alloy PdFe. Phys. Rev.
B 8, 2222.
57. J. I. Budnick and T. J. Burch, “Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Magnetically Ordered Materials,” Magnet. Resonance Rev. 2, 247 (1973).
58. J. I. Cannon, J. I. Budnick, R. S. Craig, S. G. Sankar and D. A. Keller, “Magnetic Specific Heat Anomaly in GdNi2,” A.I.P. Conference Proc. 10 (1973).
59. K. Raj, T. J. Burch and J. I. Budnick, “Magnetic Hyperfine Interactions and Conduction Electron Polarization at Eu and Se in Eu (1-X) GdxSe,” A.I.P. Conference Proc. 10, 1564
60. J. J. Murphy, T. J. Burch and J. I. Budnick, “NMR Study of NiRu and FeRu Alloys,” A.I.P. Conference Proc. 10, 1627 (1973).
61. J. I. Budnick and J. Cannon, “Critical Exponents and Scaling in GdNi2,” Proc. International Conference on Magnetism, Moscow (1973). 62. R. A. Levy, J. J. Burton, D. I. Paul and J. I. Budnick, “Mössbauer Study of Ferromagnetic Phase Transitions in (Pd1-xAgx) 0.99Fe0.01 Alloys,” Phys. Rev. B 9, 1085 (1974).
63. J. J. Murphy, T. J. Burch and J. I. Budnick, “The Ratio of the Nuclear Moments of 99Ru and 101Ru from NMR Studies of Ferromagnetic Alloys,” J. Phys. Soc. of Japan 36, 634
(1974).
64. T. J. Burch, T. Litrenta and J. I. Budnick, “Hyperfine Studies of Site Occupation in Ternary Systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 33, 421 (1974).
65. J. I. Budnick, V. Cannella and T. J. Burch, “The Low Field Magnetic Susceptibility of (Pd1-xAgx).99Fe.01,” A.I.P. Conference Proc. for the Magnetism Conference, Boston. 18,
307-11 (1974).
66. J. I. Budnick, T. J. Burch and S. B. Berger, “NMR Study of the Spin Structure of HgCr2S4 Proc. International Conference on Magnetism,” Moscow. 3, 402 (1974).
67. I. Wang, T. J. Burch. J. I. Budnick, J. J. Murphy and J. A. Cannon, “Temperature Dependence of the Co Hyperfine Field in GdCo2 and Its Relation to Magnetic Structure,” A.I.P. Conference Proc. 18, 437 (1974).
68. K. V. Rao, 0. Rapp, C. Johannsson, J. I. Budnick, T. J. Burch and V. Cannella, “Electrical Resistivity of (Pd1-xAgx).99Fe.01,” A.I.P. Conference Proc. 24, 474 (1975).
69. K. Raj, J. I. Budnick and T. J. Burch, “The Effect of Conductivity on the Eu153 Hyperfine Interactions in EuTe,” A.I.P. Conference Proc. 24, 44 (1975).
70. V. Cannella, T. J. Burch and J. I. Budnick, “Magnetic Ordering in PdGd, Electrical Resistivity and Magnetic Susceptibility,” A.I.P. Conference Proc. 24, 464 (1975).
71. S. Pickart, T. Litrenta, T. J. Burch and J. I. Budnick, “Site Preference of Dilute Transition Metal Solutes in Fe3Si,” Phys. Lett. 53a, 321 (1975).
72. J. A. Cannon, J. I. Budnick and T. J. Burch, “Transition Metal Moment Collapse in Gadolinium-Transition Metal Laves Phase Intermetallics,” Solid State Comm. 17, 1385
(1975).
73. K. Raj, V. Niculescu, J. I. Budnick and S. Skalski, “Investigation of Conduction Electron Polarization Effects in Fe3Si Based Ternary Systems,” A.I.P. Conference Proc. 29, 348
74. J. I. Budnick, V. Niculescu, W. A. Hines, A. H. Menotti, K. Raj, T. J. Burch and S. Pickart, “Magnetization and Neutron Diffraction Studies on Mn3Si,” A.I.P. Conference Proc. 29,
75. K. Raj, J. I. Budnick, R. Alben, G. C. Chi and G. S. Cargill III, “Hyperfine Field Studies of Amorphous Co-P Alloys,” A.I.P. Conference Proc. 31, 390 (1976).
76. V. Niculescu, K. Raj, T. J. Burch and J. I. Budnick, “Correlation of the Internal Fields, Magnetic Moments and Site Preferences in Fe3-x MnxSi Alloys,” Phys. Rev. B 13, 3167
77. W. A. Hines, A. H. Menotti, J. I. Budnick, T. J. Burch, T. Litrenta, V. Niculescu and K. Raj, “Magnetization Studies of Binary and Ternary Alloys Based on Fe3Si. Phys. Rev. B
13, 4060 (1976).
78. P. De Gasperis, F. Dupre' and J. I. Budnick, “A Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study of Clustering in Ferromagnetic Ni-Cu Alloys,” J. Mag. Mag. Mat. 1, 289 (1976).
79. J. A. Cannon, J. I. Budnick, T. J. Burch, K. Raj and I. Wang, “Temperature Dependent Splitting of the 59Co Hyperfine Field in GdCo2,” J. Mag. Mag. Mat. 3, 255 (1976).
80. V. Niculescu, K. Raj, J. I. Budnick, T. J. Burch, W. A. Hines and A. H. Menotti, “Relating Structural, Magnetization and Hyperfine Field Studies to a Local Environment Model in
Fe3-xVxSi and Fe3Si1-x,” Phys. Rev. B 14, 4160 (1976).
81. K. V. Rao, O. Rapp, C. Johannesson, J. I. Budnick, T. J. Burch and V. Cannella, “Electrical Resistivity and Magnetic Susceptibility of Pt1-xCox,” A.I.P. Conference Proc.
29, 346 (1976).
82. K. Raj, V. Niculescu, T. J. Burch, J. I. Budnick and R. B. Frankel, “Mössbauer and NMR Studies of Site Substitution and Magnetic Structure of Fe3-xMnXSi Alloys,” A.I.P. Conference Proc. 34, 28 (1977).
83. R. Alben, J. I. Budnick and G. S. Cargill III, “Magnetism in Metallic Glasses,” in Metallic Glasses Ch. 12, Eds. H. J. Leamy and J. J. Gilman, Metals Park, Ohio (1977).
84. K. Raj, A. Amamou, J. Durand, J. I. Budnick and R. Hasegawa, “NMR and Mössbauer Studies of the Amorphous System Fe79P21-xBx,” Amorphous Magnetism II, Eds. R. A. 85. V. Niculescu, K. Raj, T. Burch and J. I. Budnick, “Hyperfine Interactions and Structural Disorder of Fe3Si1-xAlx Alloys,” J. Phys. F, Metal Phys. 7, L73 (1977).
86. K. V. Rao, O. Rapp, C. Johannesson, H. U. Astrom, J. I. Budnick, T. Burch and V. Niculescu, “Electrical Resistivity of Fe Dissolved in PdAg Matrix Alloys,” Physica 86-
88b
, 831 (1977).
87. V. Niculescu, T. Litrenta, K. Raj, T. J. Burch and J. I. Budnick, “Hyperfine Fields for Transition Metals Substituted in Fe3Si,” J. Phys. Soc. Japan 42, 1538 (1977).
88. V. Niculescu, T. J. Burch, K. Raj and J. I. Budnick, “Properties of Heusler Type Materials Fe2TSi and FeCo2Si,” J. Mag. Mag. Mat. 5, 60 (1977).
89. K. Raj, J. I. Budnick, T. J. Burch, R. Cywinski and J. G. Booth, “Local Configurational Studies of Ferromagnetic Co-Ga Alloys Using Neutron Scattering and Spin-Echo NMR,”
Physica 86-88b, p. 407-409 (1977).
90. K. Raj, J. Durand, J. I. Budnick, C. C. Tsuei and S. Skalski, “31p NMR in the Ferromagnetic State of Amorphous Fe75P15C10,” Solid State Comm. 24, 189 (1977).
91. V. Niculescu and J. I. Budnick, “Limits of Solubility, Magnetic Properties and Electron Concentration in Fe3-xTxSi System,” Solid State Comm. 24, 631 (1977).
92. V. Niculescu and J. I. Budnick, “Evidence for the Angular Dependence of the Hyperfine Interactions in Complex Magnetic Spin Structures,” Solid State Comm. 26, 607 (1978).
93. K. Raj, J. Durand, J. I. Budnick and S. Skalski, “NMR Studies of Metal and Metalloid Site Hyperfine Field Distributions in Magnetically Ordered Amorphous Alloys,” J. Appl. Phys.
49, 1671 (1978).
94. J. I. Budnick, W. B. Muir, V. Niculescu and K. Raj, “Electron Transport in Fe3+x Si1-x,” inst. Phys. Conference Ser. 39, 196 (1978).
95. J. Durand, K. Raj, S. J. Poon and J. I. Budnick, “Local and Bulk Magnetic Properties of Amorphous Ferromagnetic Gd2Co Obtained by Splat-Cooling,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Mag. 14, No. 5, p. 722 (1978).
96. W. A. Hines, J. I. Budnick, A. H. Menotti, R. N. Paolino and T. J. Burch, “Magnetic Ordering in Exchange-Enhanced (Pd1-YAgy)100-X Fex and (Pd1-YRhy)100-xFex Alloys,” Phys. Rev. B 19, 338 (1979).
97. V. Niculescu, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, K. Raj, S. Pickart and S. Skalski, “Relating Structural, Magnetic-Moment, and Hyperfine-Field Behavior to a Local-Environment
Model in Fe3-xCoxSi,” Phys. Rev. B 19, 452 (1979).
98. T. J. Burch, K. Raj, P. Jena, J. I. Budnick, V. Niculescu and W. B. Muir, “Hyperfine-Field Distribution in Fe3Si1-xAlx Alloys and a Theoretical Interpretation,” Phys. Rev. B 19,
99. P. B. Mumola and J. I. Budnick, “On-Site Graduate Program in Optics, A Case Study,” IEEE Transactions on Education, E-23 (Special Issue on Optics Education), p. 84 (1980).
100. F. A. Otter, J. I. Budnick, H. C. Hayden, A. A. Antar and P. A. Saunders, “Preparation and Characterization of Recoil Implanted Metals in Si. Proc.,” The Electrochemical Society,
80-2, p. 251 (1980).
101. S. J. Pickart, C. K. Saw, J. I. Budnick and V. Niculescu, “Atomic and Magnetic Ordering in Fe3-4VxSi Alloys,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 42, 595 (1981).
102. V. Niculescu, W. A. Hines, J. I. Budnick, J. Perkins, G. C. Papaefthymiou and T. J. Burch, “Local-Environment Model for the Hyperfine Interactions in Fe3-XNixSi,” Phys. Rev. B
23, 2388 (1981).
103. T. J. Burch, J. I. Budnick, V. Niculescu, K. Raj and T. Litrenta, “Transition Metal Impurities in Dilute Fe3-x TxSi Alloys, a Spin-Echo NMR Investigation,” Phys. Rev. B
24, 3866 (1981).
104. A. Berrada, J. Durand, T. Mizoguchi, J. I. Budnick, B. Loegel, J. C. Ousset, S. Askenazy and H. J. Guntherodt, “Electrical and Bulk Magnetic Properties of Liquid Quenched Amorphous Re2 Co Alloys,” Proc. 4th Int. Conference on Rapidly Quenched Metals, 105. T. Mizoguchi, J. I. Budnick, P. Panissod, J. Durand and H. J. Guntherodt, “Local and Bulk Magnetic Properties of Liquid Quenched Amorphous GdCo and GdNi Alloys,” Proc., 4th Int. Conference on Rapidly Quenched Metals, Sendai, Japan, p. 1149 (1981). 106. W. B. Muir, J. I. Budnick and K. Raj, “Electrical Resistivity and the Band Structure of Fe3Si1-XAlx Alloys,” Phys. Rev. B 25, 726 (1982).
107. P. Panissod, J. Durand and J. I. Budnick, “Hyperfine Fields in Metallic Glasses,” Nucl. Inst. and Meth. 199, 99 (1982).
108. T. J. Burch, C. A. Weiler, K. Raj, J. I. Budnick, V. Niculescu, G. C. Papaefthymiou and R. B. Frankel, “Fe Hyperfine Fields in Fe3-xVxSi Alloys,” J. Mag. Mag. Mat. 27, 55 (1982).
109. J. W. Lynn, J. J. Rhyne and J. I. Budnick, “Observation of Spin Waves in Pd (1.5 Per Cent Fe),” J. Appl. Phys. 53, (1982).
110. J. C. Ford, W. A. Hines, J. I. Budnick, A. Paoluzi, D. M. Pease, L. T. Kabacoff and C. U. Modzelewski, “Spin-Echo NMR Study of the Atomic Site Environments in the
Fe67Co18B14Si1 Metallic Glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 53, 2288 (1982).
111. F. P. Lipschultz, J. I. Budnick, F. A. Otter and T. W. Grudkowski, “In Situ Study of the Effects of Energetic Ion and Laser Beams on Quartz and Lithium Niobate Using Surface Acoustic Waves,” Proc. IEEE 1982 Ultrasonics Symp., 1040 (1982). 112. M. Choi, D. M. Pease, W. A. Hines, J. I. Budnick, G. H. Hayes and L. T. Kabacoff, “Study of the Crystalline Surface of Metglas 2605 Co,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(7), 4193 (1983).
113. D. E. Sayers, S. M. Heald, M. A. Pick, J. I. Budnick, E. A. Stern and J. Wong, “X-Ray Beam Line at the NSLS for X-Ray Absorption Studies in Material Science,” Nucl. Instr.
and Meth. 208, 631 (1983).
114. F. Namavar, J. I. Budnick and F. A. Otter, “Chemical Profiling and Structural Studies of Ion-Beam-Mixed Aluminum on Silicon,” Thin Solid Films 104, 31 (1983).
115. V. Niculescu A., T. J. Burch and J. I. Budnick, “A Local Environment Description of Hyperfine Fields and Atomic Moments in Fe3-xTxSi Alloys,” J. Mag. Mag. Mat. 39, 223
116. W. A. Hines, A. Paoluzi, J. I. Budnick, W. G. Clark and C.-L. Tsai, “Atomic and Electronic Structures of the Ca-Al Metallic Glass System, a Pulse NMR Study,” J. Non-
Crystalline Solid 61 & 62, 1255 (1984).
117. D. M. Pease, G. H. Hayes, M. Choi, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, R. Hasegawa and S. M. Heald, “On the Density of Unoccupied D States in Transition Metal-Metalloid Metallic
Glasses,” J. Non-Crystalline Solids 61 & 62, 1359 (1984).
118. J. C. Ford, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines and R. Hasegawa, “Spin-Echo NMR Study of the Atomic Environment in the Fe100-xBx Metallic Glass System,” J. Appl. Phys. 55 (6),
119. D. M. Pease, F. Namavar, J. I. Budnick, M. Choi, J. Groeger, F. A. Otter, Y. Bruynseraede and M. Clapp, “Modifications in the Unit Cell Geometry of Sputtered Niobium Films
Caused by High Energy Ion Bombardment,” Thin Solid Films 120, 239 (1984).
120. F. Namavar, J. I. Budnick, A. Fasihuddin, H. C. Hayden, D. M. Pease, F. A. Otter and V. Patarini, “The Influence of Implantation Conditions and Target Orientation in High Dose
Implantation of Al+ into Si,” Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 27, 347 (1984).
121. F. Namavar, J. I. Budnick, H. C. Hayden, F. A. Otter and V. Patarini, “Study of Near Surface Structure and Composition for High Dose Implantation of Cr+ into Si,” Mat. Res.
Soc. Symp. Proc. 27, 341 (1984).
122. F. Namavar, J. I. Budnick, F. H. Sanchez and F. A. Otter, “Nuclear Resonance Profiling of High Dose Implants of Al in Si,” Nucl. Instr. and Meth. B7/8, 357 (1985).
123. G. H. Hayes, W. A. Hines, D. P. Yang and J. I. Budnick, “Low Field Magnetic Anisotropy in Metglas* 2605 Co Ribbons,” J. Appl. Phys. 57, 3511 (1985).
124. M. Choi, D. M. Pease, W. A. Hines, G. H. Hayes, J. I. Budnick, S. M. Heald, R. Hasegawa and H. E. Schone, “Unoccupied-State Electronic Structure in (NiyPt1-Y)75P25 and Ni100-
xPx Metallic Glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 32, 7670 (1985).
125. J. I. Budnick and T. J. Burch, “Some Recent Developments in the Application of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance to Magnetically Ordered Systems,” Hyperfine Interactions 24-26,
377 (1985).
126. F. Namavar, J. I. Budnick and F. A. Otter, “Gettering of Impurities During High Dose Implantation of Al or Cr into Si and the Resulting Effect on Structure and Composition,”
Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 36, 55 (1985).
127. F. Namavar, J. I. Budnick, F. H. Sanchez and H. C. Hayden, “On the Formation of Si Oxide by Ion Implantation,” Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 45, 317 (1985).
128. J. I. Budnick, “Concluding Summary III, Hyperfine Interactions Using Non-Nuclear Techniques,” Intl. Workshop on Hyperfine Interactions, Kanpur, India, January 1984.
Hyperfine Interactions 24-26, 1113 (1985).
129. D. M. Pease, S. D. Bader, M. B. Brodsky, J. I. Budnick, T. I. Morrison, C. H. Sower, N. J. Zaluzec and A. J. Freeman, “L3/L2 White Line Ratios, Probe of Spin Pairing in 3d Transition Metals and Alloys,” Phys. Lett. A 114, 491 (1985).
130. Y. D. Zhang, W. A. Hines, J. I. Budnick, M. Choi, F. H. Sanchez and R. Hasegawa, “NMR Study of the Boron Site Occupations in Rapidly Quenched Fe-B Crystalline Alloys,” J.
Mag. Mag. Mat. 61, 162 (1986).
131. F. H. Sanchez, J. I. Budnick, Y. D. Zhang, W. A. Hines, M. Choi and R. Hasegawa, “Mössbauer Study of the Local Atomic Environments in Metastable Crystalline Fe-B
Alloys,” Phys. Rev. B 34, 4738 (1986).
132. S. M. Heald, M. A. Pick, J. M. Tranquada, D. E. Sayers, J. I. Budnick, E. A. Stern, J. Wong, G. Stuckey, A. Chester, G. Woolery and T. Morrison, “Materials Science EXAFS
Line at the NSLS, Characterization and Initial Operations,” Nucl. Inst. and Meth. 246, 120
(1986).
133. F. Namavar and J. I. Budnick, “Beam Induced Compositional Changes in RBS Analysis of Polymers,” Nucl. Instr. and Meth. in Phys. Res. B15, 285 (1986).
134. J. Tafto, R. L. Sabatini, J. I. Budnick and F. Namavar, “Surface Regions of Amorphous Si and Crystalline Al in an Al-Implanted Si Crystal,” Mat. Lett. 5, 5 (1986).
135. F. Namavar, J. I. Budnick, A. Fasihuddin, F. H. Sanchez and H. C. Hayden, “Study of High Dose Implantation of Nitrogen Isotopes into Si(100),” Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc.
53, 281 (1986).
136. F. H. Sanchez, F. Namavar, J. I. Budnick, A. Fasihuddin and H. C. Hayden, “Silicide Formation by High Dose Transition Metal Implants into Si,” Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc.
53, 439(1986).
137. J. I. Budnick, D. Pease, M. Choi, Z. Tan, F. F. Namavar Sanchez, H. C. Hayden, “Krypton Xanes Studies in Implanted Systems,” J. De Physique C8 Suppl. No. 12 1053 (1986).
138. J. I. Budnick, E. Klein, B. Illerhaus, M. Choi, G. Hayes and D. Pease, “Difference in Fe Atom Environments between CuFe(2% Fe) and CuAuFe(1 and 3%) Alloys,” J. De Physique C8 Suppl. No. 12, 1037 (1986). 139. F. Namavar, J. I. Budnick, F. A. Sanchez and H. C. Hayden, “Formation of Buried SiO2 by High Dose Implantation Oxygen at Room and Liquid Nitrogen Temperatures,” Mat. Res.
Soc. Sym. 53 (1986).
140. J. I. Budnick, M. Choi, D. M. Pease, Z. Tan. G. H. Hayes, E. Klein and B. Illherhaus, “Local Structural and Magnetic Environments of Iron in Dilute Alloys,” S.P.I.E. 690, 58
(1986).
141. M. Choi, J. I. Budnick, G. H. Hayes, D. M. Pease, S. M. Heald, D. E. Sayers and R. Hasegawa, “Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure of Amorphous (Ni Pt(100-
X)75P25 Alloys,” Phys. Rev. B 36, 4613 (1987).
142. F. H. Sanchez, F. Namavar, J. I. Budnick, A. Fasihuddin, C. H. Koch and H. C. Hayden, “Effect of Temperature on High Fluence Transition Metal Implants into Polycrystalline
Aluminum,” Mat. Sci. & Engr., 90, p. 149-159 (1987).
143. A. Yaouanc, J. I. Budnick, E. Albert, A. Weidinger, R. Fruchart, Ph. L' Heritier, D. Fruchart and P. Wolfers, “Positive Muon Spectroscopy of Nd2Fe14B and Pr2Fe14B,” J. Mag. Mag. Mat. 67, L286 (1987).
144. Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick, J. C. Ford, W. A. Hines and F. H. Sanchez, “Crystallization of Fe-B Amorphous Alloys, an NMR and X-Ray Study,” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 3231 (1987).
145. Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick, F. H. Sanchez, W. A. Hines and D. P. Yang, “NMR Studies in Orthorhombic Fe3B1-XCx (0.1<X<4),” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 4358 (1987).
146. C. Hohenemser, M. Deicher, H. Hofsass, G. Lindner, E. Recknagel and J. I. Budnick, “Agricultural Impact of Chernobyl, a Warning,” Nature 321, 817 (1987).
147. F. L. A. Machado, W. G. Clark, L. J. Azevedo, D. P. Yang, W. A. Hines and J. I. Budnick, “Low Temperature Heat Capacity and Magnetic Study of the Al80Mn20 Icosahedral Alloy,” Sol. State Comm. 61, 145 (1987).
148. J. I. Budnick, F. H. Sanchez, Y. D. Zhang, M. Choi, W. A. Hines, Z. Y. Zhang, S. H. Ge and R. Hasegawa, “Study of the Local Structure of Metastable Crystalline Iron-Boron
Alloys,” Trans. IEEE on Magnetism Mag-23, 1937 (1987).
149. J. I. Budnick, A. Golnik, Ch. Niedermayer, E. Recknagel, M. Rossmanith, A. Weidinger, B. Chamberland, M. E. Filipkowski and D. P. Yang, “Observation of Magnetic Ordering in
La2CuO4 by Muon Spin Rotation Spectroscopy,” Phys. Lett. A 124, 103 (1987).
150. J. I. Budnick, A. Golnik, Ch. Niedermayer, E. Recknagel, M. Rossmanith, A. Weidinger, B. Chamberland, M. E. Filipkowski, Y. Zhang, D. P. Yang, L. L. Lynds, F. A. Otter and C. Baines, “Study of Magnetic Ordering of High Tc Superconductor GdBa2Cu3O7-y by Muon Spin Rotation,” Phys. Lett. A 125, 71 (1987).
151. Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick, M. Wojcik, E. Potenziani, A. T. Pedziwatr and W. E. Wallace, “NMR Study of Fe Hyperfine Field Assignments in Nd15Fe77B8 and Co Site Preference in Nd15Fe77-XCoxB8,” Physical Rev. B 36, 8213 (1987).
152. M. Choi, J. I. Budnick, G. H. Hayes, D. M. Pease, S. M. Heald, D. E. Sayers and R. Hasegawa, “Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure Study of Amorphous (NixPt100-
x)75P25,” Phys. Rev. B 36, 285 (1987).
153. J. I. Budnick, F. H. Sanchez, Y. D. Zhang, M. Choi, W. A. Hines, Y. Zhang, S. H. Ge and R. Hasegawa, “Study of the Local Structure of Metastable Crystalline Ion-Boron Alloys,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, May 23, 1987, p. 1937 (1987). 154. A. Yaouanc, J. I. Budnick, E. Albert, A. Weidinger, R. Fruchant, Ph. L'hintier, A. Fruchart and P. Wolfes, “Positive Muon Spectroscopy of Nd2Fe14B and Pr2Fe14B,” J. Mag. Mag. Mat. 67, L286 (1987).
155. F. Namavar, H. Sanchez, J. I. Budnick, A. H. Fasihuddin and H. C. Hayden, “Systematics of Silicide Formation by High Dose Implantation of Transition Metals into Si,” Mat. Res.
Soc. Symp. Proc. V74, 487 (1987).
156. F. H. Sanchez, J. I. Budnick, Y. D. Zhang and J. M. Livingston, “Mössbauer Study of the Hyperfine Fields at Fe Sites in Orthorhombic Fe3C1-xBx,” Hyperfine Interactions 34, 455
157. J. I. Budnick, F. H. Sanchez, F. Namavar, A. Fasihuddin, J. Koch, and H. C. Hayden, “Effect of Temperature on High Fluence Transition Metal Implant into Polycrystalline
Aluminum,” Mat. Sci. and Eng. 90, 149 (1987).
158. F. Namavar, H. Sanchez, J. I. Budnick, A. Fasihuddin, H. C. Hayden, “Systematics of Silicide Formation by High Dose Implants of Transition Metals into Si,” Mat. Res. Soc.
Symp. 74, 487 (1987).
159. F. H. Sanchez, J. I. Budnick, Y. D. Zhang, R. Hasegawa, “Study of Rapidly Quenched Fe100-xMx Crystalline Alloys by Mössbauer Effect Spectroscopy (M=B,C,Al,Si,P),” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 4349 (1987).
160. Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick, F. H. Sanchez, W. A. Hines and D. P. Yang, “NMR Studies in Orthorhombic Fe3B1-xCx (0.1 < X <0.4),” J. Appl. Phys. 61, 4358 (1987).
161. Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick, J. C. Ford, W. A. Hines, F. H. Sanchez, R. Hasegawa, “Crystallization of Fe-B Amorphous Alloys, a NMR and X-Ray Study,” J. Appl. Phys. 61,
3231 (1987).
162. L. Lynds, F. Galasso, F. A. Otter, B. R. Weinberger, J. I. Budnick, D. P. Yang and M. E. Filipkowski, “Anisotropy in an Oriented YBa2Cu3O7 Superconductor,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 71, C130 (1988).
163. A. Golnik, J. I. Budnick, B. Chamberland, L. Lynds, C. Niedermayer, F. A. Otter, E. Recknagel, M. Rossmanith, A. Weidinger, Z. Tan, “Magnetic Ordering in Oxygen
Depleted YBa2Cu3O7-Y and GdBa2Cu3O7-Y,” Physica C 153-155, 166 (1988).
164. F. A. Otter, J. I. Budnick, B. R. Weinberger, L. Lynds, D. P. Yang, S. F. Galasso, M. E. Filipkowski, W. A. Hines and D. M. Potrepka. “Anisotropic Behavior of a High Tc Superconductor,” Proc. Mat. Res. Soc. 99, 443 (1988).
165. A. Bianconi, J. I. Budnick, A. M. Flank, A. Fontaine, P. Lagarde, A. Marelli, H. Tolentino, B. Chamberland, C. Michel, B. Raveau and G. Demazeau, “Evidence of 3d9-Ligand Hole States in the Superconductor La1.85Sr.15CuO4 from L3 X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy,” Phys. Lett. A 127, 285 (1988).
166. J. I. Budnick, B. Chamberland, D. P. Yang, Ch. Niedermayer, A. Golnik, E. Recknagel, M. Rossmanith and A. Weidinger, “Dependence of the Neel Temperature of La2CuO4 on Sr Doping -Studied by Muon Spin Rotation. EuroPhys. Lett. 5 (7), 651 (1988).
167. Ch. Niedermayer, A. Golnik, E. Recknagel, M. Rossmanith, A. Weidinger, X. S. Chang, A. Kleinhammes, N. Rosov, J. Saylor, R. Schuhmann, L. Takacs, A. Teh, G. Zhang, C.
Hohenemser and J. I. Budnick, “Hyperfine Interaction Studies of Antiferromagnetic Order
in CuO,” Phys. Rev. B 38, 2836 (1988).
168. Z. Tan, J. I. Budnick, Y. Zhang and B. Chamberland, “139La Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Studies of Pure and Doped (Sr and Ni) La2CuO4. Physica C 156, 137 (1988).
169. F. H. Sanchez, Y. D. Zhang, and J. I. Budnick, “Short-Range Order in a Partially Crystallized Fe0.86B0.14 Amorphous Alloy, a Comparison Between Spin-Echo NMR and Mössbauer-Effect Studies,” Phys. Rev. B 38, 8508 (1988).
170. Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick, E. Poteniziani, A. T. Pedziwatr, W. E. Wallace and P. Panisod, “NMR Study of Tetragonal Nd2Fe14B and Nd2Fe14-xCox Phase,” J. Appl. Phys. 63,
171. A. Weidinger, J. I. Budnick, B. Chamberland, A. Donlik, Ch. Niedermayer, E. Recknagel, M. Rossmanith and D. P. Yang, “Magnetic Ordering in High Tc-Related Compounds,”
Physica C 153-155, 168 (1988).
172. A. Bianconi, J. I. Budnick, D. Demazeau, A. M. Flank, A. Fontaine, P. Lagarde, J. Jegoudez, A. Revcolevski, A. Marcelli, M. Verdaguer, “Cu L3 X-Ray Absorption of Formally Trivalent Cu Compounds,” Physica C 153-155, 117 (1988).
173. A. Bianconi, J. I. Budnick, B. Chamberland, A. Clozza, E. Dartyge, G. Demazeau, M. Desantis, A. M. Flank, A. Fontaine, J. Jegoudez, P. Lagarde, L. L. Lynds, C. Michel, F. A. Otter, H. Tolentino, B. Raveau, and Revcolevski, “3d9l States Induced by Doping in La1.85Sr0.15CuO4 and in Magnetic and Non Magnetic M1Ba2Cu3O7 (M = Gd, Ho, and Y),” Physica C 153-155, 113 (1988).
174. A. Golnik, J. I. Budnick, B. Chamberland, L. Lynds, C. H. Niedermayer, F. A. Otter, E. Recknagel, M. Rossmanith, A. Weidinger and Z. Tan, “Magnetic Ordering in Oxygen-
Depleted YBa2Cu3Ox and GdBa2Cu3Ox,” Physica C 153-155, 166-167 (1988).
175. B. R. Weinberger, L. Lynds, D. M. Potrepka, D. B. Snow, C. T. Burila, H. E. Eaton, Jr., R. Cipolli, Z. Tan and J. I. Budnick, “Y-Ba-Cu-O / Silver Composites, an Experimental Study
of Microstructure and Superconductivity,” Physica C 161, 91 (1989).
176. Z. Tan, J. I. Budnick, B. Chamberland, and G. Tourillon, “Phase Decomposition in Nominal LaxCuO4(X = 2.00) Determined by Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure,” Physica C 160, 571 (1989).
177. Z. Tan, J. I. Budnick, F. H. Sanchez, G. Tourillon, F. Namavar, and H. C. Hayden, “Silicide Structure Evolution in High Dose Cobalt Implanted Si(100) Crystals,” Phys. Rev.
B 40, 6368 (1989).
178. Z. Tan, J. I. Budnick, S. M. Heald, “Structural Parameter Determination in Fluorescence EXAFS of Concentrated Samples. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 60, 1021 (1989).
179. D. M. Pease, D. L. Brewe, Z. Tan, J. I. Budnick and C. C. Law, “Accurate X-Ray Absorption Spectra Obtained from Concentrated Bulk Samples by Fluorescence
Detection,” Phys. Lett. A 138, 230 (1989).
180. A. Weidinger, Ch. Niedermayer, A. Golnik, R. Simon, E. Recknagel, J. I. Budnick, B. Chamberland and C. Baines, “Observation of Magnetic Ordering in Superconducting La2-
xSrxCu4. by Muon Spin Rotation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 102 (1989).
181. Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick, D. P. Yang, E. Potenziani, Ii, A. T. Pedziwiatr, W. E. Wallace and M. Sagawa, “Magnetic Field Dependence of 11B and 57Fe NMR in Nd2Fe14B Compounds,” J. Mag. Mag. Mat. 79, 136 (1989).
182. F. H. Sanchez, Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick and R. Hasegawa, “Mössbauer Study of the Crystallization of Fe100-xBx Amorphous Alloys (14 ≤ x ≤ 25),” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 1671
(1989).
183. Ch. Niedermayer, H. Gluckler, R. Simon, A. Golnik, M. Rauer, E. Recknagel, A. Weidinger, J. I. Budnick, W. Paulus and R. Schollhorn, “Magnetic Ordering Induced by
Hydrogen Doping in YBa2Cu3.O7,” Phys. Rev. B 40, 11386 (1989).
184. J. Saylor, L. Takacs, C. Hohenemser, J. I. Budnick, and B. L. Chamberland, “Neel Temperature of Stoichiometric La2CuO4,” Phys. Rev. B 40, 6854 (1989).
185. Z. Tan, J. I. Budnick, Y. Bruynseraede, W. Sevenhans, S. M. Heald and J. M. Tranquada, “Ion-Beam Induced Reactions at the Al/Nb Interface - a Glancing Angle EXAFS Study,”
Physica B 158, 686 (1989).
186. Z. Tan, J. I. Budnick, G. Tourillon, J. L. Peng, L. Zhang, R. N. Shelton, “X-Ray Absorption Studies of Atomic and Electronic Structures of Nd2-xMx CuO4 (M = Ce and 187. Z. Tan, J. I. Budnick, F. Sanchez, G. Tourillon, F. Namavar, H. C. Hayden and A. Fasihuddin, “EXAFS Studies of Cobalt Silicide Formation Produced by High Dose Ion
Implantation,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 143, 145 (158).
188. M. Choi, D. M. Pease, G. H. Hayes and J. Wong, “Method of Obtaining the Empirical Scattering Parameters for the Fe-B Pair from the Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure Data of Fe2B, Possible Limitations. Phys. Rev. B 9654 (1990). 189. Z. Tan, W. Q. Chen, D. L. Brewe, S. W. Cheong, A. S. Cooper and L. W. Rupp, “Observation of Lanthanum and Rare Earthsite Ordering in the T*-Phase La2-
xRxSryCuO4 - (R= M, Eu, Gd and Tb),” Phys. Rev. B. Rapid Comm. 42, 4808 (1990).
190. Z. Tan, C. E. Bouldin, J. C. Wojcik, S. W. Cheong, A. S. Cooper, G. P. Espinosa, Z. Fisk, “Polarization X-Ray Absorption Near-Edge Structure Studies of Pr2-xCexO4 Single Crystals, the Nature of Ce Doping,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 1037 (1990).
191. Z. Tan and J. I. Budnick, Reply to Comment, “Strontium Induced Oxygen Defect Structure and Hole Doping in La2-xSrxCuO4,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 3456 (1990).
192. Z. Tan, J. I. Budnick, J. L. Peng, L. Zhang and R. N. Shelton, “X-Ray Absorption Studies of Atomic and Electronic Structures of Nd2-xMxCuO4 (M=Ce and Th),” Physica B 163,
193. M. E. Filipkowski, J. I. Budnick and Z. Tan, “Observation of a Low Temperature Magnetic Phase Transition in Nonsuperconducting La2-xSrxCuO4+y by Macroscopic Magnetization and Electron Spin Resonance,” Physica C 167, 35-41 (1990).
194. J. I. Budnick, M. E. Filipkowski, Z. Tan, Ch. Niedermayer, H. Gluckler, A. Weidinger and E. Recknagel, “Muon Spin Rotation Studies of Local Magnetism in Magnetic and
Superconducting Systems Based on the High Tc Copper Oxide Structures,” Hyperfine
Interactions 61, 1017-1034 (1990).
195. Z. Tan, J. I. Budnick, C. E. Bouldin, J. C. Wojcik, S. W. Cheong, A. S. Cooper, G. P. Espinosa and G. Fisk, “Polarization X-Ray Absorption Near-Edge Structure Study of Pr2-
xCexCuO4 Single Crystals, the Nature of Ce Doping,” Phys. Rev. B 42, 1, p. 1037 (1990).
196. Z. Tan, M. E. Filipkowski, J. I. Budnick, E. K. Heller, D. L. Brewe, B. L. Chamberland, C. E. Bouldin, J. C. Wojcik and D. Shi, “Strontium-Induced Oxygen Defect Structure and
Hole Doping in La2-xSrxCuO4,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 22, p. 2715 (1990).
197. Z. Tan, M. E. Filipkowski, J. I. Budnick, et.al., “Strontium-Induced Oxygen Defect Structure and Hole Doping in La2-xSrxCuO4,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 7715- 7718 (1990).
198. M. E. Filipkowski, J. I. Budnick and Z. Tan, “Observation of a Low Temperature Magnetic Phase Transition in Nonsuperconducting La2-xSrxCuO4+y by Macroscopic Magnetization and Electron Resonance, Physica C 167, 35-41 (1990).
199. H. Gluckler, Ch. Niedermayer, G. Nowitzke, E. Recknagel, A. Weidinger and J. I. Budnick, “Effect of Hydrogen in YBa2Cu3O7 Studied with the Muon Spin Rotation Technique,” J. Less. Comm. Metals 164-165, 1016 (1990).
200. Z. Tan, J. I. Budnick, W. Q. Chen, B. R. Weinberger and L. Lynds, “X-Ray Absorption Studies of Vanadium-Containing YBa2 Cu3O7,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. (1990). 201. J. I. Budnick, M. E. Filipkowski, Z. Tan, B. Chamberland, Ch. Niedermayer, A. A. Weidinger, A. Golnik, R. Simon, M. Rauer and C. Baines, “Muon Spin Rotation Studies of Magnetic Order and Strong Magnetic Correlations in Magnetic and Superconducting Systems Based on the High Tc Copper Oxide Structures,” Intl. Sem. on High Temperature Superconductivity, Dubna, USSR, World Scientific Publishing, p. 172-202, (1990). 202. J. Saylor, C. Hohenemser, M. E. Filipkowski and J. I. Budnick, “The Magnetic Phase Diagram of La2-xSrxCuO4+Y Observed Via 111,” PAC Hyperfine Interactions 61, p.
203. Z. Tan, J. I. Budnick, W. Q. Chen, B. R. Weinberger and L. Lynds, “X-Ray Absorption Studies of Vanadium-Containing YBa2Cu3O7,” Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 169, p. 229
204. X. S. Ling, M .E. Filipkowski, E. K. Heller, J. I. Budnick, “AC Susceptibility Studies of the High Tc Superconductors, Dissipative Effects in La2-xSrxCuO4+y and YBa2Cu3O7-y Systems,” Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 169, p. 947 (1990).
205. Z. Tan, J. I. Budnick, W. Q. Chen, D. L. Brewe, S.-W. Cheong, A. S. Cooper and L. W. Rupp, Jr., “Observation of Lanthanum- and Rare-Earth-Site Ordering in T* -Phase La2-x-
yrxSryCuO4 (R = Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb),” Phys. Rev. B 42, 4808 (1990?).
206. Z. Tan, J. I. Budnick, C. E. Boulding, J. C. Wojcik, S.-W. Cheong, A. S. Cooper, and G. P. Espinosa, “Polarization X-Ray-Absorption Near-Edge Structure Study of Pr2-xCexCuO4 Single Crystals, the Nature of Ce Doping,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 1037 (1990?).
207. Z. Tan, D. M. Pease and F. Namavar, “X-Ray Absorption Studies of Krypton Precipitates in Solid Matrices,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 1987 (1991).
208. Z. Tan, S. Heald, S. W. Cheng, H. Y. Huang, A. S. Cooper and J. I. Budnick, “Cation Ordering and Oxygen Stoichiometry in LaRSrCu2O6+x (R=La, Nd, Pr, Sm, and Ga),” Physica C 184, 229-234 (1991).
209. J. I. Budnick, X. S. Ling and D. Shi, “Self Organized Critical State in High Tc Superconductors,” Physics C 2181, 185-89 (1991).
210. A. Weidinger, C. H. Niedermayer, H. Gluckler, A. Golnik, G. Nowitzke, E. Recknagel, H. Eickenbusch, W. Paulus, R. Schollhorn and J. I. Budnick, “Local Magnetism in
Superconducting YBa2Cu3o6+x,” Hyperfine Interactions Vol. 64, 147 (1991).
211. H. Gluckler, C. H. Niedermayer, G. Nowitzke, A. Golnik, R. Simon, E. Recknagel, A. Weidinger, J. Erxmeyer and J. I. Budnick, “A Muon Spin Rotation Study of Hydrogen in
YBa2Cu3Oy. Hyperfine Interactions. Vol. 64, 155 (1991).
212. J. J. Jia, T. A. Callcott, J. I. Budnick, et.al., “A Soft X-Ray Emission Investigation of Cobalt Implanted Silicon Crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 69, 7800 (1991).
213. Ch. Niedermayer, A. Golnik, E. Recknagel, A. A. Weidingerj, A. Yaouanc, P. L'heritier, D. Fruchart, J. I. Budnick, and K. H. J. Buschow, “Positive Muon Spectroscopy of
R2Fe14B. Hyperfine Interactions 64, 405 (1991).
214. D. Shi, X. S. Ling, M. Xu, M. M. Fang, S. Luo, B. Dabrowski, D. G. Hinks, D. R. Richardson and Y. Zhang, “Irreversibility in Ba0.625K0.375BiO3,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 3684
215. J. I. Budnick, Y. D. Zhang, J. C. Ford and W. A. Hines, “Some Applications of NMR to the Study of Magnetically Ordered Materials with Emphasis on the Short Range Order in
(Fe-B) Based Crystalline and Amorphous Alloys,” J. Mag. Mag. Mat., 100, 13 (1991).
216. M. Choi, J. I. Budnick, D. M. Pease, G. H. Hayes and S. M. Heald, “Thermal Variation of the Mean-Square Relative Displacement for the Pt-Pt Pair in the Ni10Pt90 Random Solid- Solution Alloy,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 9319 (1991).
217. X. S. Ling, D. Shi and J. I. Budnick, “Self Organized Critical State in High Tc Superconductors. Physica C, 185-189, 2181 (1991).
218. Z. Tan, S. Luo, W. Q. Chen, S. W. Cheong, A. S. Cooper and J. I. Budnick, “X- Ray Absorption Studies of Cation Ordering and Valence in the T* Phase in Ln2-x-
yRxSryCuO4(R= Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb and Dy),” Phys. Rev. B 44, 7008 (1991).
219. M. Wojcik, Y. Zhang and J. I. Budnick, “Some Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Results on Nd-Fe-B Phases in Supermagnets-Hard Magnetic Material,” NATO Advanced Study
Institute Kluwer AC Publishers, Chap. 12, p. 283-315 (1991).
220. Z. Tan, J. I. Budnick, D. M. Pease and F. Namavar, “X-Ray Absorption Studies of Krypton Precipitates in Solid Matrices,” Phys. Rev. B 43, p. 1987 (1991).
221. J. J. Jia, T. A. Callcott, W. L. O'Brien, Q. Y. Dong, D. R. Mueller, J.-E. Rubensson, D. L. Ederer, Z. Tan, F. Namavar and J. I. Budnick, “A Soft X-Ray Emission Investigation of
Cobalt Implanted Silicon Crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 69, p. 7800 (1991).
222. X. S. Ling and J. I. Budnick, “AC Susceptibility Studies of Type Ii Superconductors, Vortex Dynamics,” Proceedings of Coolfont Meeting on AC Susceptibility in High Tc Superconductors, Magnetic Susceptibility of Superconductors and Other Spin Systems, edited by R. B. Hein et al., Plenum, New York, 1991, pp.377-388. 223. Z. Tan, F. Namavar, J. I. Budnick, F. H. Sanchez, A. Fasihuddin, S. M. Heald, C. E. Bouldin and J. C. Wojcik, “Silicide Formation and Structural Evolution in Fe-, Co-, and
Ni-Implanted Silicon. Phys. Rev. B 46, 4077 (1992).
224. Z. Zhang, Y. D. Zhang, W. A. Hines, J. I. Budnick and W. M. H. Sachtler, “Size and Location of Cobalt Clusters in Zeolite NaY, A Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study,” J.
Am. Chem. Soc. 114, 4845 (1992).
225. D. L. Brewe, C. E. Bouldin, D. M. Pease, J. I. Budnick, and Z. Tan, “Silicon Photodiode Detector for Glancing Emergent Angle EXAFS Technique,” Rev. Sci. Instr. 63, 3298
(1992).
226. Z. Tan, S. M. Heald, J. I. Budnick, et.al., “Rare-Earth Valence and Doping in T-, T'-, and T* -Phase R2CuO4 (R=Rare Earths),” Phys. Rev. B 45, 2593 (1992).
227. J. I. Budnick, S. A. Ge, M. X. Mao, G. L. Chen, Z. A. Chen, C. L. Zhang, Y. Zhang and W. A. Hines, “Effects of Short Range Order in the Magnetic Properties of Fe-B-C
Amorphous Alloys, NMR and Magnetization Measurements,” Phys. Rev. B 45, 4695
(1992).
228. Z. Tan, F. Namavar, S. M. Heald, J. I. Budnick and F. H. Sanchez, “Silicide Formation in High Dose Fe-Implanted Silicon,” Mat. Res. Soc. Proc. 235, 267 (1992).
229. S. A. Ge, M. X. Mao, G. L. Chen, Z. A. Chen, C. L. Zhang, Y. Zhang, W. A. Hines and J. I. Budnick, “Effects on Short Range Order in the Magnetic Properties of Fe-B-C,”
Amorphous Alloys, NMR and Magnetization Measurements, Phys Rev. B 45, 4695
(1992).
230. Z. Tan, F. Namavar, S. M. Heald and J. I. Budnick, “Sequential-Ion-Implantation Synthesis of Ternary Metal Silicides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 791-793 (1993).
231. Ch. Niedermayer, H. Gluckler, A. Golnik, U. Binninger, M. Rauer, E. Recknagel, J. I. Budnick and A. Weidinger, “Simultaneous Magnetic Ordering of the Gd and Cu
Subsystems in Oxygen-Deficient GdBa2Cu3O6+x,” Phys. Rev. B 47, 3427-3430 (1993).
232. Ch. Neidermayer, I. D. Reid, E. Roduner, E. J. Ansaldo, C. Bernhard, U. Binninger, H. Gluckler, E. Recknagel, J. I. Budnick and A. Weidinger, “Simultaneous Observation of
Muonium and Multiple Free Radicals in Muon-Implanted C70,” Phys. Rev. B 47, 10923-
233. D. B. Fenner, Q. Li, W. D. Hamblen, M. E. Johansson, D. G. Hamblen, L. Lynds and J. I. Budnick, “Optical and Thermal Performance Advantages for Silicon Substrates in YBCO
Bolometer Devices,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 3, 2104- 2106 (1993).
234. Ch. Neidermayer, C. Bernhard, U. Binninger, H. Gluckler, J. L. Tallon, E. J. Ansaldo and J. I. Budnick, “Muon Spin Rotation Study of the Correlation Between Tc and Ns/M* in
Overdoped Tl2Ba2CuO6+x,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1764 (1993).
235. T. D. Xiao, Y. D. Zhang, P. R. Strutt, J. I. Budnick, K. Mohan and K. E. Gonsalves, “Synthesis of FexN/Bn Magnetic Nanocomposite via Chemical Processing,” Nanostructured Materials 2(3) 285-293 (1993).
236. K. E. Gonsalves, G. M. Chow, Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick and T. D. Xiao, “Iron Nitride/Boron Nitride Magnetic Nanocomposite Powders,” Advanced Materials 6, 291
(1994).
237. S. A. Ge, G. L. Chen, M. C. Mao, D. S. Xue, C. X. Li, F. S. Li, Y. D. Zhang, W. A. Hines and J. I. Budnick, “On the Short Range Order in the Fe84B10C6 Amorphous Alloy,” J. Mag. Mag. Mat. 129, 207-212 (1994).
238. M. X. Mao, S. H. Ge, Z. H. Chen, G. L. Chen, C. L. Zhang, Y. D. Zhang, W. A. Hines and J. I. Budnick, “Development of Short Range Order in Fe-B-C Amorphous Alloys with
Thermal Treatment, an NMR Study,” J. Mag. Mag. Mat. 138, 301 (1994).
239. P. Chartier, M. Balasubramanian, D. L. Brewe, T. Manzur, D. M. Pease, J. I. Budnick, L. Huang, C. C. Law, S. M. Russell and C. W. Kemball, “Site Selectivity in Fe-doped β-
Phase NiA1,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3842 (1994).
240. M. Balasubramanian, Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick, K. E. Gonsalves and T. D. Xiao, “Studies on Nanostructured M50 Type Steel Using X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy and NMR,”
Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 351, 196 (1994).
241. E. H. Jordan, S. C. U. Ochi, D. M. Pease, J. I. Budnick, “Micro Radiographic Strain Measurements Using Markers,” Expt. Mechanics 155 (1994).
242. Y. D. Zhang, W. A. Hines, J. I. Budnick, Z. Zhang, W. M. H. Sachtler, “NMR Study of the Magnetic Behavior of Ultrafine Co Clusters in Zeolite NaY,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 6576
(1994).
243. D. L. Brewe, D. M. Pease, J. I. Budnick, “Corrections of Residual Fluorescence Distortions for a Glancing-Emergence Angle X-Ray - Absorption Technique,” Phys. Rev.
B 50 9025 (1994).
244. D. B. Fenner, Q. Li, W. D. Hamblen, J. Luo, D. G. Hamblen and J. I. Budnick, “Epitaxial Hts Bolometers on Silicon for Ir Detection. Soc. Photo. Instrum. Eng. (SPIE) Tech.
Conference , Los Angeles, Proceedings 2159, p.10-20 (1994).
245. Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick, D. P. Yang, G. W. Fernando, W. A. Hines, T. D. Yiao, T. Manzur, “Nitrogen Diffusion and Distribution in the Y2Fe17,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 12091
246. Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick, N. X. Shen, W. A. Hines, G. W. Fernando, T. Manzur, “NMR Study of Y2Fe17 Nitrides,” J. Mag. Mag. Mat. 140, 987 (1995).
247. M. Balasubramanian, Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick, D. M. Pease, “Local Environment of Fe in Nano Structured M50 Type Steel Samples,” Nano Structured Materials 3, 249 (1995).
248. Y. D. Zhang, D. P. Yang, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, W. Q. Xu, N. X. Shen, D. M. Pease, W. G. Fernando, “On the Nitrogen Occupation in the Y2Fe17 Lattice,” Scripta Metallurgica 33, 1817 (1995).
249. Ch. Niedermayer, Ch. Bernhard, J. I. Budnick, “Muon Spin Rotation Studies of Doping in High-Tc-Superconductors,” J. Mag. Mag. Mat. 140-144, 1287 (1995).
250. H. Gluckler, Ch. Niedermayer, Ch. Bernhard, U. Binninger, E. Recknagel, J. L. Tallon, J. I. Budnick, “Muon Spin Rotation Study of Antiferromagnetic Order in Hydrogenated YBa2Cu4O8, Evidence for A Local Structural Change in the Vicinity of Tc,” Physica C242 39 (1995).
251. Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, N. X. Shen, T. D. Xiao, T. Manzur, “Nitrogen Location in R2Fe17 Compounds, an NMR Study,” J. Mag. Mag. Mat. 145, L11 (1995).
252. M. Balasubramanian, D. M. Pease, J. I. Budnick, T. Manzur, D. L. Brewe, “Site Occupation Tendencies for Ternary Additions (Fe, Cu, Nu) in β-Phase Transition Metal
Aluminides,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 8702 (1995).
253. J. L. Tallon, C. Bernhard, U. Binninger, A. Hofer, G. V. M. Williams, E. J. Ansaldo, J. I. Budnick, Ch. Niedermayer, “In-Plane Anisotropy of the Penetration Depth Due to Superconductivity on the Cu-O Chains in YBa2Cu3O7-8, Y2Ba4Cu7O5-8 and YBa2Cu4O8,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1008 (1995).
254. M. Balasubramanian, D. M. Pease, T. Manzur and D. L. Brewe, “Local Environment of Transition Metal Ternary Dopants in β-Phase Transition Metal Aluminides,” Physica B
208-209 493 (1995).
255. D. B. Fenner, R. M. Carangelo, D. G. Hamblen, P. J. Kung and J. I. Budnick, “Infrared Bolometer and Silicon-Etalon Arrays for Transform Spectrometer on a- Chip. European
Conf. on Appl. Supercond. (Eucas '95). I.O.P. Conference Series #148 Proceedings 2 p.
1231-1234 (1995?).
256. S. H. Hong, J. R. Miller, Q. Y. Ma, E. S. Yang, D. B. Fenner, C. Y. Yang and J. I. Budnick, Modification of Epitaxial Oxide Films with Ion Implantation,” Mat. Res. Soc.
Symp. Proc. 401, p. 309-314 (1996).
257. D. B. Fenner, J. I. Budnick, D. M. Potrepka, Q. Li, P. A. Rosenthal, J. Luo and W. D. Hamblen, “HTS Flux Flow Channels on Silicon Wafers,” Appl. Supercond. 5, p. 3397-
3400, (1995).
258. P. J. Kung, D. B. Fenner, D. M. Potrepka and J. I. Budnick, “Growth and Characterization of Magnetoresistive La-Ca-Mn-O Films on Si(100) and Si(111) Substrates,” Appl. Phys.
Lett. 69, 427 (1996).
259. F. Galasso, D. B. Fenner, L. Lynds, C. E. Rossman, D. M. Potrepka, J. I. Budnick and L. G. Carreiro, “An Assessment of Synthesis Effects on the High-Tc Superconducting
Transition, with Application to Thin Film Bolometer Devices,” Appl. Supercond. 4, 117-
133 (1996).
260. C. Bernhard, Ch. Niedermayer, U. Binninger, A. Hofer, Ch. Wenger, J. L. Tallon, G. V. M. Williams, E. J. Ansoldo, J. I. Budnick, C. E. Stronach, D. R. Noakes and M. A. Blanksun-
Mills, “Magnetic Penetration Depth and Condensate Density of Cuprate High-Tc
Superconductors Determined by Muon Spin Rotation Experiments,” Phys. Rev B 52,
10488-10498 (1995).
261. D. Haskel, E. A. Stern, D. G. Hinks, A. W. Mitchell, J. D. Jorgensen and J. I. Budnick, “Dopant and Temperature Induced Structural Phase Transitions in La2-xSrxCuO4,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 439 (1996).
262. Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines and D. P. Yang, “Nitrogen Diffusion Mechanism in the R2Fe17 Lattice,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 208 (1995).
263. Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick and W. A. Hines, “Applications of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in the Study of Magnetic Materials,” Proc. of the 8th Chinese International Summer School of Physics, Workshop on Modern Magnetism, Beijing, Aug. 28 - Sept. 7, 1995. published by World Scientific Publishing Co., Singapore (1996). 264. Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines and D. P. Yang, “Study of the Nitrogen Diffusion Mechanism in R2Fe17,” J. Appl. Phys. 79, 4596 (1996).
265. N. X. Shen, Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines and U. Binninger, “NMR Study of R2Fe17 (R = Y, Sm, and Gd) Hydrides,” J. Appl Phys. 79, 5530 (1996).
266. N. X. Shen, Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick, and W. A. Hines, “X-Ray Diffraction and Magnetization Studies of Sm2Fe17 and Its Nitrides,” J. Mag. Mag. Mat. 162, 265 (1996).
267. Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, M. Q. Huang and W. E. Wallace, “Giant Moment of Fe16N2 as Evidenced by 57Fe NMR Studies,” Phys. Rev. B54, 51 (1996).
268. N. X. Shen, Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, R. Lyver and K. H. J. Buschow, “X- Ray Diffraction and NMR Studies of Y2Fe17,” Appl. Phys. Letters 69, 3197 (1996).
269. A. Golnik, Ch. Niedermayer, Ch. Bernard and J. I. Budnick, “Muon Spin Rotation Studies of Magnetic Correlations in High Tc Superconductors,” Proc. of First Polish U.S. Symp.
on High Tc Superconductors, Lecture Notes in Physics, Springer-Verlag V475, (1996).
270. Y. D. Zhang, and J. I. Budnick, “Dynamic Alignment of Magnetic Materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1083 (1997).
271. Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, N. X. Shen and G. W. Fernando, “Diffusion Mechanism of Nitrogen in the R2Fe17 Lattice, a Trapping Diffusion Process,” J. Phys. Cond. Mat. 9, 1201 (1997).
272. Y. D. Zhang, N. X. Shen, J. I. Budnick and W. A. Hines, “Specific Fe Site Moment Enhancement in Y2Fe17 upon Nitrogen Insertion,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 4566 (1997).
273. D. P. Yang, Y. D. Zhang, W. A. Hines and J. I. Budnick, “A Theoretical Model for Nitrogen Diffusion in Y2Fe17,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 4554 (1997).
274. Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick and W. A. Hines, “Three Dimensional Alignment of Magnetic Particles,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 5647 (1997).
275. C. E. Rossman, J. I. Budnick and B. R. Weinberger, “Correlation of Frictional Losses of Spinning Levitated Magnets with AC Susceptibility in High Temperature
Superconductors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 255 (1997).
276. G. Davies, A. Fataftah, A. Cherkasskiy, E. A. Ghabbour, S. A. Jansen, S. Kolla, M. D. Paciolla, L. T. Sein, Jr., W. Buermann, M. Balasubramanian, J. I. Budnick and B. Xing, “Tight Metal Binding by Humic Acids and Its Role in Biomineralisation,” J. Chem. Soc. Dalton., 4047-4060 (1997). 277. D. L. Brewe, D. M. Pease and J. I. Budnick, “Temperature Dependent Vibrational Properties of NiA1, CoA1 and FeA1, β-Phase Alloys,” Phys. Rev. B 56 (18), 11, 449
(1997).
278. S. C. Tidrow, A. Tauber, W. D. Wilber, R. T. Lareau, C. D. Brandle, G. W. Berkstresser, A. J. Ven Graitis, D. M. Potrepka, J. I. Budnick, J. Z. Wu, “New Substrates for HTSC
Microwave Devices,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 7, 1766 (1997).
279. C. Rodríguez Torres, M. Fernández Van Raap, F. H. Sánchez, L. Mendoza Zélis, Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick and N. X. Shen, “A Mössbauer Study of Sm2Fe17 Nitrides,” Hyperfine
Interactions C 2, 193 (1997).
280. Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, C. L. Chien and J. Q. Ziao, “Effect of Magnetic Field on the Superparamagnetic Relaxation in Granular Co-Ag Samples,” Appl. Phys. Lett.
72, 2053 (1998).
281. Ch. Niedermayer, Ch. Bernhard, T. Blasius, A. Golnik, A. Moodenbaugh and J. I. Budnick, “A Common Phase Diagram for Antiferromagnetism in La2-xSrxCuO4 and Y1-
XCaxBa2Cu3O6 as Seen by Muon Spin Rotation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3843 (1998).
282. C. E. Rossman and J. I. Budnick, “Precession of Spinning Magnets Levitated Over High- Temperature Superconductors,” Physica C 295, 304-329 (1998).
283. S. C. Tidrow, A. Tauber, W. D. Wilber, R. T. Lareau, C. D. Brandle, G. W. Berkstresser, A. J. Ven Graitis, D. M. Potrepka, J. I. Budnick, J. Z. Wu, “New Substrates for HTSC
Microwave Devices,” IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 7, 1766 (1997).
284. Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, C. L. Chien and J. Q. Xiao, “Effect of Magnetic Field on the Superparamagnetic Relaxation in Granular Co-Ag Samples,” Appl. Phys. Lett.
72, 2053 (1998).
285. N. X. Shen, T. K. Daeubler, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, Y. D. Zhang, D. P. Yang, B. G. Shen and Z. H. Cheng, “X-ray Diffraction, Magnetization and Nuclear Magnetic
Resonance Study of Y Fe Ga,” J. Phys.: Cond. Matter 10 7133 (1998).
286. D. M. Potrepka, J. I. Budnick, D. B. Fenner, M. Balasubramanian, W. A. Hines, “Local Cu and Br Environments and Their Relationship to Superconductivity Restoration in
Brominated YBa2Cu3O6.1,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1137 (1998).
287. N. X. Shen, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, Y. D. Zhang and Y. G. Duan, “Structural and Magnetic Properties of Ammonia-Nitrided Y2Fe17,” J. Phys. Cond. Matter 11, 833-845
(1999).
288. Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, B. G. Shen and Z. H. Cheng, “Effect of Ga Substitution on the Sm-Sublattice Anisotropy in Sm2Fe17-xGax(x=0 to 8),” J. Appl. Phys.
85, 4663 (1999).
289. D. P. Yang, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines and Y. D. Zhang, “A Mössbauer Spectroscopy Study of the Rhombohedral Phase Y2Fe17Nx with Intermediate Nitrogen Content (x = 0 to
2.8),” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 4651 (1999).
290. D. M. Potrepka, J. I. Budnick, D. B. Fenner, W. A. Hines, M. Balasubramanian and A. R. Moodenbaugh, “Role of Bromine in Restoring Superconductivity in YBa2Cu3Oy,” Phys.
Rev. B 60, 10489 (1999).
291. Ch. Niedermayer, T. Blasius, Ch. Bernhard, A. Golnik, A. Moodenbaugh and J. I. Budnick, “Doping Dependence of the Antiferromagnetic Correlations in La2-xSrxCuO4 and
Y1-xCaxBa2Cu3O6,” Advances in Solid State Physics, Vieweg 39, 413 (1999).
292. C. Niedermayer, T. Blasius, C. Bernhard, A. Golnik, A. Moodenbaugh and J. I. Budnick, “Hole Doping Dependence of the Antiferromagnetic Correlations in La2-xSrxCuO4 and
Y1-xCaxBa2Cu3O6,” AIP Conference Proceedings 483, 292 (1999).
293. Y. D. Zhang, J. I. Budnick. W. A. Hines, S. A. Majetich and E. M. Kirkpatrick, “Microstructure and Magnetic Behavior of Carbon-Coated Co Nanoparticles Studied by
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 94 (2000).
294. M. Daniel, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, Y. D. Zhang, W. G. Clark and A. R. Moodenbaugh, “Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study of Polycrystalline Sr1-xCaxRuO3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1.0),” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 12, 3857 (2000). 295. D. M. Potrepka, J. I. Budnick, A. R. Moodenbaugh, D. A. Fischer and W. A. Hines, “Combined 63, 65Cu NQR and NMR Study of Y1-xCaxBa2Cu3Oy,” Physica C 341-348
(2000).
296. M. Daniel, M. Balasubramanian, D. L. Brewe, M. Mehl, D. M. Pease and J. I. Budnick, “Site Selectivity and Bonding in the β Phase Aluminides: Studies of RuA1, PdA1, and Pd
and Ru Dopants in NiA1,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 6637 (2000).
297. C. Niedermayer, T. Blasius, C. Bernhard, A. Golnik, A. Moodenbaugh and J. I. Budnick, “Muon Spin Rotation Studies of Doping in High-Tc Superconductors,” Lecture Notes in
Physics, Springer-Verlag V475, editors J. Klamut et al. (2000).
298. D. M. Pease, M. Daniel, J. I. Budnick, T. Rhodes, M. Hammes, D. M. Potrepka, K. Sills, C. Nelson, S. M. Heald, D. I. Brewe, A. Frenkel, I. Grigorieva and A. A. Antonov, “Log
Spiral of Revolution Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite Monochromator for Fluorescence
X-Ray Absorption Edge Fine Structure,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, p.3267-3273 (2000).
299. D. M. Pease, M. Daniel, J. I. Budnick, A. Frenkel and K. Pandya, “Log Spiral of Revolution Highly Oriented Graphite Monochromator for Fluorescence X-Ray Absorption Edge Fine Structure,” National Synchrotron Light Source Science Highlights, NSLS Annual Report, (2000). 300. D. B. Fenner, J. Hautala, L. P. Allen, J. A. Greer and W. J. Skinner, “Smoothing Thin Films with Gas-Cluster Ion Beams,” MRS Spring 2000 Meeting, San Francisco, CA, Mat.
Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 614 (2000)
301. D. B. Fenner, J. Hautala, L. P. Allen, T. G. Tetreault, A. Al-Jibouri, J. I. Budnick and K. S. Jones, “Surface Processing with Gas-Cluster Ions to Improve Giant Magnetoresistance
Films,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19 (4), (2001).
302. D. M. Pease, M. Daniel, J. I. Budnick, B. Taylor, a. Frenkel, K. Pandya, I. K. Grigorieva and A. A. Antonov, “Extension of a Tuned Log Spiral of Revolution Fluorescence XAFS
Detector, Designed for Optimal Detection of a Particular Element Z, to XAFS of Elements
Other Than Z,” J. Synchrotron Rad. 8, 336 (2001).
303. Y. D. Zhang, S. H. Wang, D. T. Xiao, J. I. Budnick and W. A. Hines, “Nanocomposite Co/SiO2 Soft Magnetic Materials,” IEEE Trans. Magnetics 37, 2275, (2001).
304. Y. D. Zhang, W. A. Hines, J. I. Budnick, D. P. Yang, B. G. Shen and Z. H. Cheng, “Study of Spin-Reorientation in Tm2Fe17-xGax and Sm2Fe17-xGax,” IEEE Trans. Magnetics 37,
2603 (2001).
305. D. M. Pease, A. Fasihuddin, M. Daniel and J. I. Budnick, “Method of Linearizing the 3d L3/L2 White Line Ratio as a Function of Magnetic Moment,” Ultram. 88, 1 (2001).
306. M. Z. Wu, Y. D. Zhang, S. Q. Hui, T. D. Xiao, S. H. Ge, W. A. Hines, J. I Budnick and G. W. Taylor, “Microwave Magnetic Properties of Co50/(SiO2)50 Nanoparticles,” Appl Phys.
Lett. 80, 4404 (2002).
307. M. Z. Wu, Y. D. Zhang, S. Q. Hui, T. D. Xiao, S. H. Ge, W. A. Hines and J. I Budnick, “Structure and Magnetic Properties of SiO2-Coated Nanoparticles,” J. Appl. Phys. 92, 491
(2002).
308. M. Z. Wu, Y. D. Zhang, S. Hui, T. D. Xiao, S. H. Ge, W. A. Hines, J. I Budnick and M. J. Yacaman, “Magnetic Properties of SiO2-Coatedf Nanoparticles,” J. Appl. Phys. 92, 6809
(2002).
309. S. Q. Hui, Y. D. Zhang, T. D. Xiao, M. Z. Wu, S. H. Ge, W. A. Hines, J. I. Budnick, M. J. Yacaman and H. E. Troiani, “Study of NiFe/SiO2 Nanocomposites,” Proc. of the Materials
Research Society 703, V1.6, p 19 (2002).
310. Z. T. Zhang, Y. D. Zhang, T. D. Xiao, S. H. Ge, M. Z. Wu, W. A. Hines, J. I. Budnick. J. M. Gromek, M. J. Yacaman and H. E. Troiani, “Nanostructured NiFe2O4 Soft Magnetic
Ferrite,” Proc. of the Materials Research Society 703, V3.5, p 111 (2002).
311. S. Q. Hui, Y. D. Zhang, T. D. Xiao, M. Z. Wu, S. H. Ge, W. A. Hines, J. I. Budnick, M. J. Yacaman and H. E. Troiani, “Fe/SiO2 Nanocomposite Soft Magnetic Materials,” Proc. of
the Materials Research Society 703, V6.3, p 237 (2002)
312. Z. H. Han, J. I. Budnick, M. Daniel, W. A. Hines, D. M. Pease, P. W. Klamut, B. Dabrowski, S. M. Mini, M. Maxwell, C. W. Kimball, “Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and
Magnetization Studies of the Ferromagnetic Ordering Temperature Suppression in Ru
Deficient SrRuO3,” Physica C 387, 256 (2003).
313. Z. H. Han, J. I. Budnick, M. Daniel, W. A. Hines, D. M. Pease, P. W. Klamut, B. Dabrowski, S. M. Mini, M. Maxwell, C. W. Kimball, “Local Studies of the Ferromagnetic
Ordering Temperaturee Suppression in SrRuO3,” Acta Physica Polonica B 34, 1571
(2003).
314. Y. D. Zhang, X. Q. Ma, S. Q. Hui, M. Z. Wu, S. H. Ge, W. A. Hines, J. I. Budnick, B. M. Cetegen and S. Y. Semenov, “Structure and Magnetic Properties of NiFe/SiO2 and
Co/SiO2 Nanocomposits Consolidated by Detonation Compaction,” J. Appl. Phys. 93,
6969 (2003). (Proc. 47th Conf. on Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, November 11-15,
2002, Tampa, FL.)
315. S. Q. Hui, M. Z. Wu, S. H. Ge, D. J. Yan, Y. D. Zhang, T. D. Xiao, M. J. Yacaman, M. Mika-Yoshida, W. A. Hines and J. I. Budnick, “Synthesis and Characterization of
Structure Controlled Nano-Cobalt Particles,” Proc. Fall 2002 Meeting of the Materials
Research Society, 755, DD5, 20 (2003).
316. X. Q. Ma, Y. D. Zhang, S. Q. Hui, M. Z. Wu, S. H. Ge, W. A. Hines, J. I. Budnick, B. M. Cetegen and S. Y. Semenov, “Detonation Consolidation of NiFe/SiO2 and Co/SiO2
Nanocomposites,” Proc. Fall 2002 Meeting of the Materials Research Society, 759,
MM1.7 (2003).
318. Y. D. Zhang, M. Z. Wu, S. H. Ge, S. Q. Hui, X. Q. Ma, J. I. Budnick and W. Hines, “Consolidation and Magnetic Properties of Nanostructured Ni75Fe25,” IEEE Trans.
Magnetics 39, issue 5, 3145-3147 (2003).
319. M. Daniel, D. M. Pease, N. Van Hung and J. I. Budnick, “Local Force Constants of Transition Metal Dopants in a Nickel Host: Comparison to Mossbauer Studies,” Phys.
Rev. B 69, 134414 (2004).
320. M. Z. Wu, Y. D. Zhang, S. Hui, T. D. Xiao, S. H. Ge, W. A. Hines and J. I. Budnick, “Temperature Dependence of Magnetic Properties of SiO2-coated Co nanoparticles,
JMMM 268, 20 (2004).
321. Y. D. Zhang, S. H. Ge, H. Zhang, S. Hui, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, M. J. Yacaman, and M. Miki, “Effect of Spin Disorder on Magnetic Properties on Nanostructured Ni-ferrite,” J.
Appl. Phys. 95, 7130 (2004).
322. A. L. Vasiliev, M. Aindow, Z. H. Han, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, P. W. Klamut, M. Maxwell, and B. Dabrowski, “High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy Studies
of Planar Defects in the Magnetic Superconductor RuSr2EuCu2O8,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85,
3217 (2004).
323. Z. H. Han, J. I. Budnick, W. A Hines, B. Dabrowski, S. Kolesnik and T. Maxwell, “Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study of the Enhanced Ferromagnetic Ordering in
Polycrystalline SrRu1-xCrxO3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.12),” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17, 1193-1200
(2005).
324. Z. H. Han, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, P. W. Klamut, B. Dabrowski and M. Maxwell, “99,101Ru NMR Study of the Ru-Site Vacancies in SrRu1-xO3 Compounds,” Phys. Rev. B
71, 214432 (2005).
325. Z. H. Han, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, “Study of the Ru Sublattice Magnetic Structure in the Magnetic Superconductor RuSr2GdCu2O8,” JMMM 299, 338 (2006).
326. X. F. Shen, Y. S. Ding, J. Liu, Z. H. Han, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines and S. L. Suib, “A Magnetic Route to Measure the Average Oxidation State of Mixed-Valent Manganese in
Manganese Oxide Octahedral Molecular Sieves (OMS)”, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 6166
(2005).
327. H. E. Mohottala, B. O. Wells, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, L. Udby, C. Niedermayer, C. Bernhard, A. R. Moodenbaugh and F.-C. Chou, “Electronic Phase Separation in La2-
xSrxCuO4+y,” Nature Materials 5, 377 (2006).
328. Z. H. Han, H. E. Mohottala, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, P. W. Klamut, B. Dabrowski and M. Maxwell, “Complex Low-Temperature Magnetic Behavior of the Ordered Double-
Perovskite Sr2RuGdO6,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 18, 2273–2283 (2006).
329. P. Shanthakumar, M. Balasubramanian, D. Pease, A. Frenkel, D. Potrepka, J.I. Budnick, W.A. Hines and V. Kraizman, “X-ray Study of the Ferroelectric [Ba0.6Sr0.4]
[(YTa).03Ti.97]O3; Comparison Between Materials Subjected to 1550 0 C and 16000 C
Sintering Temperatures,” Phys. Rev. B 74, 174103 2006
330. H. E. Mohottala, B. O. Wells, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, C. Niedermayer, C. Bernhard, A. R. Moodenbaugh and F.-C. Chou, “Electronic Phase Separation in La2-xSrxCuO4+y,”
Physica 374-375b, 199-202 (2006).
331. A. I. Frenkel, D. M. Pease, J. I. Budnick, P. Metcalf, E. A. Stern, P. Shanthakumar and T. Huang, “Strain-Induced Bond Buckling and Its Role in Insulating Properties of Cr-Doped
V2O3,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 195502 (2006).
332. Z. H. Han, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, B. Dabrowski, and T. Maxwell, “Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study of the Ru/Mn Valence States and Magnetic Interactions in
SrRu0.9Mn0.1O3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 102501 (2006)
333. A. I. Frenkel, D. M. Pease, J. I. Budnick, P. Metcalf, E. A. Stern, P. Shanthakumar and T. Huang, “Strain Defects and Their Role in Metal-Insulator Transition in Cr-doped V2O3,” NSLS Science Highlights (2007). 334. A. I. Frenkel, D. M. Pease, J. I. Budnick, P. Shanthakumar, T. Huang, “Application of Glancing Emergent Angle Fluorescence for Polarized XAFS Studies of Single Crystals,” J.
Synchrotron Rad. 14, 272-275 (2007).
335. B. Allimi, S. P. Alpay, D. Goberman, T. Huang, J. I. Budnick, D. M. Pease, A. I. Frenkel, “Growth of V2O3 Thin-Films on a-plane (110) and c- plane (001) Sapphire via Pulsed
Laser Deposition,” J. Mater. Res. 22, 2825-2831 (2007).
336. C. K. Xie, J. I. Budnick, B. O. Wells and J. C. Woicik, “Separation of the Strain and Finite Size Effect on the Ferromagnetic Properties of La0.5 Sr0.5CoO3 Thin Films,” Appl. Phys.
Lett. 91, 172509 (2007).
337. H. E. Mohottala, B. O. Wells, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, Ch. Niedermayer and F. C. Chou, “Flux Pinning and Phase Separation in Oxygen Rich La2-xSrxCuO4+y System,” Phys.
Rev. B. 78, 064504 (2008).
338. C. K. Xie, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, B. O. Wells, et al,. “Direct Evidence for the Suppression of Charge Stripes in Epitaxial La1.67Sr0.33NiO4 Thin Films,” Phys. Rev. B 77,
201403(R) (2008).
339. B. S. Allimi, S. P. Alpay, C. K. Xie, B. O. Wells, J. I. Budnick and D. M. Pease, “Resistivity of V2O3 Thin Films Deposited on a-plane (110) and c-plane (001) Sapphire by
Pulsed Laser Deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 202105 (2008).
340. C. K. Xie, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, B. O. Wells and J. C. Woicik, “Strain-Induced Change in Local Structure and Its Effect on the Ferromagnetic Properties of La0.5 Sr0.5CoO3
Thin Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 182507 (2008).
341. H. E. Mohottala, B. O. Wells, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, C. Niedermayer, A. R. Moodenbaugh and F.-C. Chou, “Electronic Phase Separation in La2-Xsrxcuo4+Y System: 342. T. Huang, D. M. Pease, H. Chen, A. Frenkel, J. I. Budnick, P. Metcalf, P. Shanthakumar, M. Staruch, and A. J. Taylor, “Evidence for Percolation Effects in Cr Doped V2O3: Infra Red and Terahertz Reflectivity,” submitted to Phys. Rev B. 343. Y. Nie, E. Brahimi, J. I. Budnick, W. A. Hines, M. Jain, and B. O. Wells, "Suppression of superconductivity in FeSe films under tensile strain" submitted to Appl. Phys. Lett.

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