Provided as a Courtesy from Haydel Consulting Services LLC Lisinopril Synthroid Prilosec Zithromax Amoxicillin Metformin Hydrochlorothiazide Furosemide Metoprolol This test applies to the 15 medications listed above. 1. Which medication(s) indicate a need for electrolyte monitoring? hydroclrothiazide 2. You would teach a patient that eatin
Parsani chemotherapy in pigeons 164488.92%, 72.73%, 61.12% and 50%, respectively. In group-II of pigeons have 2000 EPG before treatment drug efficacy was 90%, CHEMOTHERAPY OF NEMATODIASIS IN
75%, 60% and 55%, after 7, 14, 21 and 30 days post treatment, ZOO PIGEONS
respectively. The egg load reduced to 88.89% in albendazole treated group and 90 percent in fenbendazole treated group after seven days of treatment and egg load reduced to 50% in albendazole and 55% in H.R. Parsani 1, R.R. Momin 2 and R.K. Shahu 2
fenbendazole treated group after 30 days of treatment. Similarly, Kirsch et al. (1978), Vindevogel et al. (1978), Krisch & Degenhardt 1,2 Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary Science and (1979), Luthgen (1979), and Scupin & Nannen (1980) have treated Animal Husbandry, S.D. Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar, pigeons nematodiasis with fenbendazole at different dose rates in Gujarat 385506, IndiaEmail: 1 firstname.lastname@example.org feed and found various results from 90 to 100% efficacy. Here in this case seven days after treatment 88.89 and 90% efficacy was observed in albendazole and fenbendazole treated groups, respectively, because Pigeons act as reservoir host or carrier and an important source of some pigeons were observed to not drink water. Infection remained in infection for other avian hosts, which share the common parasitic fauna the cages and pigeons were reinfested with ova and the egg load (Kumar, 1998). There are quite a large number of problems related increased to 50-55% after 30 days of treatment. Both the drugs were to management of parasitic infestations in birds. Clinical or sub clinical equally effective in pigeon nematodiasis. To increase the efficacy of form of nematodiasis leads to anaemia as a result of continuous sucking drug a higher dose may not adversely affect pigeons as suggested by of blood by parasites. Clinically, birds show partial or complete anorexia, diarrhoea, dehydration, loss of weight and alteration in body microelements, which result in immuno suppression. Ascaridia columbae and Capillaria obsignata are the most common nematodes in Kirsch, R., K. Petri & H. Degenhardt (1978). The treatment of Capillaria and pigeons. Kirsch et al. (1978), Vindevogel et al. (1978), Kirsch & Ascaridia infection in pigeons with fenbendazole. Kleintier Proxis 23: 291-298.
Degenhardt (1979), Luthgen (1979), and Scupin & Nannen (1980) Kirsch, R. & H. Degenhardt (1979). The efficacy of fenbendazole against in have treated nematodiasis in pigeons with fenbendazole at different mature and immature stages of Capillaria obsignata and Ascaridia columbae in dose rates in feed and have found various results form various parts of pigeons. Tierztliche Umschan 34: 767-771.
world. In all the zoos of Gujarat state, anthelmintic treatment is Kumar, R. (1998). A survey of parasitic fauna of local pigeons and assessment of efficacy of certain drugs in poultry nematodiasis. M.V. Sc Thesis submitted to regularly carried out for control of helminthic infection in zoo birds.
C.S.Azad University of Agricultural and Technology, Kanpur.
The present study was undertaken to evaluate chemotherapeutic Luthgen, W. (1979). Efficacy of fenbendazole against Ascaridia and Capillaria in efficacy of benzimidazole group of drugs, namely, albendazole and pigeons. Tierztliche Umschan 34: 107-112.
fenbendazole against nematode infection in zoo pigeons.
Scupin, E. & R. Nannen (1980). Safety and efficacy of fenbendazole in pigeons.
Materials and Methods: Studies were conducted for helminthic Blauen Heftefirden Tierarget 62: 73-76.
infection of pigeons of Kamla Nehru Zoological Garden, Kankaria Vindevogel, H., lP. Duchatel & L. Fieveg (1978). Treatment of capillariasis in pigeons with fenbendazole. Annales de medicine veterinaire 122: 109-115.
Zoo, Ahmedabad. Faecal samples were examined for the presence of gravid segments of tapeworms, immature and mature parasites. They were processed for qualitative and quantitative examinations.
The authors are thankful to the Principal, Veterinary College, S.D.A.U., Qualitative examinations of all randomly collected samples were Sardarkrushinagar for providing facilities.
positive for Ascaridia columbae and Capillaria obsignata nematode infections. Two groups were selected cage-wise with each cage of 30 pigeons for study. In group-I (pooled faecal sample having 1800 EPG) were treated with albendazole 2.5% wlv (Albomar, Glaxo India Ltd., Mumbai) at dose rate of 30 to 45ml/100 birds for three days in drinking water. In group-II (pooled faecal sample having 2000 EPG) were treated with fenbendazole 10% (Panacur suspension, Hoechst India Ltd., Mumbai) at dose rate of 1ml/15 birds for three days in drinking water. Quantitative examination of faecal samples of both groups was carried out at 7, 14, 21 and 30 days post treatment. The results are incorporated in Table 1.
Results and Discussion: In group-I of pigeons have 1800 EPG before treatment, showed 200, 500, 700 and 900 EPG after 7, 14, 21 and 30 days post treatment indicating the efficacy of the drug to be Table 1. Effect of albendazole and fenbendazole anthelmintic drugs on natural nematode infection in zoo pigeons
Name of the drug
EPG days after the treatment
Albendazole 2.5 w/v (Albamore suspension) 30-45ml/100 birds for three days in drinking water 1ml/15 birds for three days in drinking water Manuscript 1644; ZOO; Date of publication 21 July 2007 Received 08 September 2006; Finally accepted 15 July 2007 August 2007 | ISSN 0973-2535 (Print edition); 0973-2551 (Online edition) www.zoosprint.org
CLÍNICA INFANTIL INDIANÓPOLIS CENTRO DE PREVENÇÃO DA ASMA E DOENÇAS CRÔNICAS NA INFÂNCIA * Alergia - Asma - Bronquite - Dermatite Atópica - Eczema - Estrófulo (picada de insetos) - Rinite - Urticária * Infecções de Repetição - Amigdalites - Faringites - Furunculose - Laringites - Otites - Pneumonias - Sinusites * Pediatria – Puericultura – Vaci